Smith's Bible Dictionary - Q



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QUAILS


There can be no doubt that the Hebrew word in the Pentateuch (Exodus
16:13; Numbers 11:31,32) and in the 105th Psalm, denotes the common quail,
Coturnix dactylisonans. (The enormous quantity of quails taken by
the Israelites has its parallel in modern times. Pliny states that they
sometimes alight on vessels in the Mediterranean and sink them. Colenel
Sykes states that 160,000 quails have been netted in one season on the
island of Capri. -- ED.) The expression "as it were two cubits (high) upon
the face of the earth," (Numbers 11:31) refers probably to the height at
which the quails flew above the ground, in their exhausted condition from
their long flight. As to the enormous quantities which the
least-successful Israelite is said to have taken viz. "ten homers" (i.e.
eighty bushels) in the space of a night and two days, there is every
reason for believing that the "homers here spoken of do not denote
strictly the measure of that name but simply "a heap." The Israelites
would have had little difficulty in capturing large quantities of these
birds as they are known to arrive at places sometimes so completely
exhausted by their flight as to be readily taken, not in nets only, but by
the hand. They "spread the quails round about the camp;" this was for the
purpose of drying them. The Egyptians similarly prepared these birds. The
expression "quails from the sea," (Numbers 11:31) must not be restricted
to denote that the birds came from the sea, as their starting-point, but
it must be taken to show the direction from which they were coming. The
quails were at the time of the event narrated in the sacred writings, on
their spring journey of migration northward, It is interesting to note the
time specified: "it was at even" that they began to arrive; and they no
doubt continued to come all night. Many observers have recorded that the
quail migrates by night.


QUARTUS


(fourth), a Christian of Corinth, (Romans 16:23) said to have been
one of the seventy disciples, and afterward bishop of Berytus. (A.D. about
50.)


QUATERNION


a military term signifying a guard of four soldiers, two of whom were
attached to the person of a prisoner, while the other two kept watch
outside the door of his cell. (Acts 12:4)


QUEEN


This title is properly applied to the queen-mother, since in an Oriental
household it is not the wife but the mother of the master who exercises
the highest authority. Strange as such an arrangement at sight appears, it
is one of the inevitable results of polygamy. An illustration of the
queen-mother's influence is given in (1 Kings 2:19) ff. The term is
applied to Maachah, (1 Kings 15:13; 2 Chronicles 16:16) and to Jezetiel,
(2 Kings 10:13) and to the mother of Jehoiachin or Jeconiah, (Jeremiah
13:18) compare 2Kin 24:12; Jere 29:2


QUEEN OF HEAVEN


(Jeremiah 7:18; 45:17,18,19,25) is the moon Ashtaroth or Astarte to whom
worshiped as Hebrew women offered cakes in the streets of Jerusalem.


QUICKSANDS, THE


more properly THE SYRTIS, THE, (Acts 27:17) the broad a deep bight on the
north African coast between Carthage and Cyrene. There were properly two
Syrtes -- the eastern or larger, now called the Gulf of Sidra, and
the western or smaller, now the Gulf of Cabes. It is the former to
which our attention is directed in this passage of the Acts.


QUIVER


a box made for the purpose of holding arrows. (Genesis 27:3) There is
nothing in the Bible to indicate either its form or material, or in what
way it was carried.


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