Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary - U



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Ucal


The name of a person to whom Agur's words are addressed Pro 30:1.


Ulai


The Eulaus of the Greeks; a river of Susiana. It was probably the
eastern branch of the Choasper (Kerkhan), which divided into two
branches some 20 miles above the city of Susa. Hence Daniel Dan 8:2,16.
speaks of standing "between the banks of Ulai", i.e., between the two
streams of the divided river.


Ummah


Vicinity, a town of Asher Jos 19:30.


Unction


1Jo 2:20,27 - R.V., "anointing". Kings, prophets, and priests were
anointed, in token of receiving divine grace. All believers are, in a
secondary sense, what Christ was in a primary sense, "the Lord's
anointed."


Unicorn


Described as an animal of great ferocity and strength Num 23:22 - R.V.,
"wild ox," marg., "ox-antelope;" Num 24:8 Isa 34:7 - R.V., "wild oxen",
and untamable Job 39:9 - It was in reality a two-horned animal; but
the exact reference of the word so rendered (reem) is doubtful. Some
have supposed it to be the buffalo; others, the white antelope,
called by the Arabs rim. Most probably, however, the word denotes the
Bos primigenius ("primitive ox"), which is now extinct all over the
world. This was the auerochs of the Germans, and the urus described
by Caesar (Gal. Bel., vi.28) as inhabiting the Hercynian forest. The
word thus rendered has been found in an Assyrian inscription written
over the wild ox or bison, which some also suppose to be the animal
intended (comp.) Deu 33:17 Psa 22:21 29:6 92:10.


Unni


Afficted.
1. A Levite whom David appointed to take part in bringing the ark
up to Jerusalem from the house of Obed-edom by playing the
psaltery on that occasion 1Ch 15:18,20.
2. A Levite who returned with Zerubbabel from the Captivity
Neh 12:9.


Upharsin


And they divide, one of the words written by the mysterious hand on
the wall of Belshazzar's palace Dan 5:25 - It is a pure Chaldean word.
"Peres" is only a simple form of the same word.


Uphaz


Probably another name for Ophir Jer 10:9 - Some, however, regard it as
the name of an Indian colony in Yemen, southern Arabia; others as a
place on or near the river Hyphasis (now the Ghana), the
south-eastern limit of the Punjaub.


Ur


Light, or the moon city, a city "of the Chaldees," the birthplace of
Haran Gen 11:28,31 - the largest city of Shinar or northern Chaldea,
and the principal commercial centre of the country as well as the
centre of political power. It stood near the mouth of the Euphrates,
on its western bank, and is represented by the mounds (of bricks
cemented by bitumen) of el-Mugheir, i.e., "the bitumined," or "the
town of bitumen," now 150 miles from the sea and some 6 miles from the
Euphrates, a little above the point where it receives the Shat el-Hie,
an affluent from the Tigris. It was formerly a maritime city, as the
waters of the Persian Gulf reached thus far inland. Ur was the port of
Babylonia, whence trade was carried on with the dwellers on the gulf,
and with the distant countries of India, Ethiopia, and Egypt. It was
abandoned about B.C. 500 but long continued, like Erech, to be a great
sacred cemetery city, as is evident from the number of tombs found
there.
See ABRAHAM 00054.
The oldest king of Ur known to us is Ur-Ba'u (servant of the goddess
Ba'u), as Hommel reads the name, or Ur-Gur, as others read it. He
lived some twenty-eight hundred years B.C., and took part in building
the famous temple of the moon-god Sin in Ur itself. The illustration
here given represents his cuneiform inscription, written in the
Sumerian language, and stamped upon every brick of the temple in Ur.
It reads: "Ur-Ba'u, king of Ur, who built the temple of the moon-god."
"Ur was consecrated to the worship of Sin, the Babylonian moon-god. It
shared this honour, however, with another city, and this city was
Haran, or Harran. Harran was in Mesopotamia, and took its name from
the highroad which led through it from the east to the west. The name
is Babylonian, and bears witness to its having been founded by a
Babylonian king. The same witness is still more decisively borne by
the worship paid in it to the Babylonian moon-god and by its ancient
temple of Sin. Indeed, the temple of the moon-god at Harran was
perhaps even more famous in the Assyrian and Babylonian world than the
temple of the moon-god at Ur. "Between Ur and Harran there must,
consequently, have been a close connection in early times, the record
of which has not yet been recovered. It may be that Harran owed its
foundation to a king of Ur; at any rate the two cities were bound
together by the worship of the same deity, the closest and most
enduring bond of union that existed in the ancient world. That Terah
should have migrated from Ur to Harran, therefore, ceases to be
extraordinary. If he left Ur at all, it was the most natural place to
which to go. It was like passing from one court of a temple into
another. "Such a remarkable coincidence between the Biblical narrative
and the evidence of archaeological research cannot be the result of
chance. The narrative must be historical; no writer of late date, even
if he were a Babylonian, could have invented a story so exactly in
accordance with what we now know to have been the truth. For a story
of the kind to have been the invention of Palestinian tradition is
equally impossible. To the unprejudiced mind there is no escape from
the conclusion that the history of the migration of Terah from Ur to
Harran is founded on fact" (Sayce).


Uriah


The Lord is my light.
1. A Hittite, the husband of Bathsheba, whom David first seduced,
and then after Uriah's death married. He was one of the band of
David's "mighty men." The sad story of the curel wrongs
inflicted upon him by David and of his mournful death are simply
told in the sacred record 2Sa 11:2-27 12:1-26.
See BATHSHEBA 00474.
See DAVID 00982.
2. A priest of the house of Ahaz Isa 8:2.
3. The father of Meremoth, mentioned in Ezr 8:33.


Uriel


God is my light.
1. A Levite of the family of Kohath 1Ch 6:24.
2. The chief of the Kohathites at the time when the ark was brought
up to Jerusalem 1Ch 15:5,11.
3. The father of Michaiah, one of Rehoboam's wives, and mother of
Abijah 2Ch 13:2.


Urijah


The lord is my light.
1. A high priest in the time of Ahaz 2Ki 16:10-16 - at whose bidding
he constructed an idolatrous altar like one the king had seen at
Damascus, to be set up instead of the brazen altar.
2. One of the priests who stood at the right hand of Ezra's pulpit
when he read and expounded the law Neh 8:4.
3. A prophet of Kirjath-jearim in the reign of Jehoiakim, king of
Judah Jer 26:20-23 - He fled into Egypt from the cruelty of the
king, but having been brought back he was beheaded and his body
"cast into the graves of the common people."


Urim


Lights (Vulg."doctrina;" LXX. "revelation").

See THUMMIM 03648.


Usury


The sum paid for the use of money, hence interest; not, as in the
modern sense, exorbitant interest. The Jews were forbidden to exact
usury Lev 25:36-37 - only, however, in their dealings with each other
Deu 23:19-20 - The violation of this law was viewed as a great crime
Psa 15:5 Pr 28:8 Jer 15:10 - After the Return, and later, this law was
much neglected Neh 5:7,10.


Uz


Fertile land.
1. The son of Aram, and grandson of Shem Gen 10:23 1Ch 1:17.
2. One of the Horite "dukes" in the land of Edom Gen 36:28.
3. The eldest son of Nahor, Abraham's brother Gen 22:21 - R.V.


Uzal


A wanderer, a descendant of Joktan Gen 10:27 1Ch 1:21 - the founder
apparently of one of the Arab tribes; the name also probably of the
province they occupied and of their chief city.


Uz, the Land of


Where Job lived Job 1:1 Jer 25:20 La 4:21 - probably somewhere to the
east or south-east of Palestine and north of Edom. It is mentioned in
Scripture only in these three passages.


Uzza


Strengh, a garden in which Manasseh and Amon were buried 2Ki 21:18,26.
It was probably near the king's palace in Jerusalem, or may have
formed part of the palace grounds. Manasseh may probably have
acquired it from some one of this name.


Uzzah


Strength, a son of Abinadab, in whose house the men of Kirjath-jearim
placed the ark when it was brought back from the land of the
Philistines 1Sa 7:1 2Sa 6:3 - He with his brother Ahio drove the cart
on which the ark was placed when David sought to bring it up to
Jerusalem. When the oxen stumbled, Uzzah, in direct violation of the
divine law Num 4:15 - put forth his hand to steady the ark, and was
immediately smitten unto death. The place where this occurred was
henceforth called Perez-uzzah 1Ch 13:11 - David on this feared to
proceed further, and placed the ark in the house of Obed-edom the
Gittite 2Sa 6:2-11 1Ch 13:6-13.


Uzzen-sherah


A town probably near Beth-horon. It derived its name from the daughter
of Ephraim 1Ch 7:24.


Uzzi


The Lord is my strength.
1. The son of Bukki, and a descendant of Aaron 1Ch 6:5,51 Ezr 7:4.
2. A grandson of Issachar 1Ch 7:2-3.
3. A son of Bela, and grandson of Benjamin 1Ch 7:7.
4. A Benjamite, a chief in the tribe 1Ch 9:8.
5. A son of Bani. He had the oversight of the Levites after the
return from captivity Neh 11:22.
6. The head of the house of Jedaiah, one of "the chief of the
priests" Neh 12:19.
7. A priest who assisted in the dedication of the walls of
Jerusalem Neh 12:42.


Uzziah


A contracted form of Azari'ah the Lord is my strength.
1. One of Amaziah's sons, whom the people made king of Judah in his
father's stead 2Ki 14:21 2Ch 26:1 - His long reign of about
fifty-two years was "the most prosperous excepting that of
Jehosaphat since the time of Solomon." He was a vigorous and
able ruler, and "his name spread abroad, even to the entering in
of Egypt" 2Ch 26:8,14 - In the earlier part of his reign, under
the influence of Zechariah, he was faithful to Jehovah, and "did
that which was right in the sight of the Lord" 2Ki 15:3.
2Ch 26:4-5 - but toward the close of his long life "his heart was
lifted up to his destruction," and he wantonly invaded the
priest's office 2Ch 26:16 - and entering the sanctuary proceeded
to offer incense on the golden altar. Azariah the high priest
saw the tendency of such a daring act on the part of the king,
and with a band of eighty priests he withstood him 2Ch 26:17.
saying, "It appertaineth not unto thee, Uzziah, to burn
incense." Uzziah was suddenly struck with leprosy while in the
act of offering incense 2Ch 26:19-21 - and he was driven from the
temple and compelled to reside in "a several house" to the day
of his death 2Ki 15:5,27 2Ch 26:3 - He was buried in a separate
grave "in the field of the burial which belonged to the kings"
2Ki 15:7 2Ch 26:23 - "That lonely grave in the royal necropolis
would eloquently testify to coming generations that all earthly
monarchy must bow before the inviolable order of the divine
will, and that no interference could be tolerated with that
unfolding of the purposes of God, which, in the fulness of time,
would reveal the Christ, the true High Priest and King for
evermore" (Dr. Green's Kingdom of Israel, etc.).
2. The father of Jehonathan, one of David's overseers 1Ch 27:25.


Uzziel


Strength of God.
1. One of the sons of Kohath, and uncle of Aaron Exo 6:18 Lev 10:4.
2. A Simeonite captain 1Ch 4:39-43.
3. A son of Bela, and grandson of Benjamin 1Ch 7:7.
4. One of the sons of Heman 1Ch 25:4 - called also Azareel
1Ch 25:18.
5. A son of Jeduthan 2Ch 29:14.
6. The son of Harhaiah Neh 3:8.


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