Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary - Q



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Quails


The Israelites were twice relieved in their privation by a miraculous
supply of quails,
1. in the wilderness of Sin Exo 16:13 - and
2. again at Kibroth-hattaavah (q.v.), Num 11:31.
God "rained flesh upon them as dust, and feathered fowls like as the
sand of the sea" Psa 78:27 - The words in Num 11:31 - according to
the Authorized Version, appear to denote that the quails lay one above
another to the thickness of two cubits above the ground. The Revised
Version, however, reads, "about two cubits above the face of the
earth", i.e., the quails flew at this height, and were easily killed
or caught by the hand. Being thus secured in vast numbers by the
people, they "spread them all abroad" Num 11:32 - in order to salt
and dry them. These birds (the Coturnix vulgaris of naturalists) are
found in countless numbers on the shores of the Mediterranean, and
their annual migration is an event causing great excitement.


Quarantania


A mountain some 1,200 feet high, about 7 miles north-west of Jericho,
the traditional scene of our Lord's temptation Mat 4:8.


Quarries


1. The "Royal Quarries" (not found in Scripture) is the name given
to the vast caverns stretching far underneath the northern hill,
Bezetha, on which Jerusalem is built. Out of these mammoth
caverns stones, a hard lime-stone, have been quarried in ancient
times for the buildings in the city, and for the temples of
Solomon, Zerubbabel, and Herod. Huge blocks of stone are still
found in these caves bearing the marks of pick and chisel. The
general appearance of the whole suggests to the explorer the
idea that the Phoenician quarrymen have just suspended their
work. The supposition that the polished blocks of stone for
Solomon's temple were sent by Hiram from Lebanon or Tyre is not
supported by any evidence (comp.) 1Ki 5:8 - Hiram sent masons
and stone-squarers to Jerusalem to assist Solomon's workmen in
their great undertaking, but did not send stones to Jerusalem,
where, indeed, they were not needed, as these royal quarries
abundantly testify.
2. The "quarries" (Heb. pesilim) by Gilgal Jud 3:19 - from which
Ehud turned back for the purpose of carrying out his design to
put Eglon king of Moab to death, were probably the "graven
images" (as the word is rendered by the LXX. and the Vulgate and
in the marg. A.V. and R.V.), or the idol temples the Moabites
had erected at Gilgal, where the children of Israel first
encamped after crossing the Jordan. The Hebrew word is rendered
"graven images" in Deu 7:25 - and is not elsewhere translated
"quarries."


Quartus


Fourth, a Corinthian Christian who sent by Paul his salutations to
friends at Rome Rom 16:23.


Quaternion


A band of four soldiers. Peter was committed by Herod to the custody
of four quaternions, i.e., one quaternion for each watch of the night
Act 12:4 - Thus every precaution was taken against his escape from
prison. Two of each quaternion were in turn stationed at the door
Act 12:6 - and to two the apostle was chained according to Roman
custom.


Queen


1. No explicit mention of queens is made till we read of the "queen of
Sheba." The wives of the kings of Israel are not so designated. In
Psa 45:9 - the Hebrew for "queen" is not - malkah -, one actually
ruling like the Queen of Sheba, but - shegal -, which simply means
the king's wife.
2. In 1Ki 11:19 - Pharaoh's wife is called "the queen," but the
Hebrew word so rendered (g'birah) is simply a title of honour,
denoting a royal lady, used sometimes for "queen-mother"
1Ki 15:13 2Ch 15:16.
3. In Son 6:8-9 - the king's wives are styled "queens"
(Heb. melakhoth).
4. In the New Testament we read of the "queen of the south", i.e.,
Southern Arabia, Sheba Mat 12:42 Luk 11:31 - and the "queen of the
Ethiopians" Act 8:27 - Candace.


Queen of Heaven


Jer 7:18 44:17,25 - the moon, worshipped by the Assyrians as the
receptive power in nature.


Quicksands


Found only in Act 27:17 - the rendering of the Greek Syrtis. On the
north coast of Africa were two localities dangerous to sailors,
called the Greater and Lesser Syrtis. The former of these is probably
here meant. It lies between Tripoli and Barca, and near Cyrene. The
Lesser Syrtis lay farther to the west.


Quiver


1. The sheath for arrows. The Hebrew word (aspah) thus commonly
rendered is found in Job 39:23 Psa 127:5 Isa 22:6 49:2 Jer 5:16.
Lam 3:13.
2. In Gen 27:3 - this word is the rendering of the Hebrew - teli -,
which is supposed rather to mean a suspended weapon, literally
"that which hangs from one", i.e., is suspended from the shoulder
or girdle.


Quotations


From the Old Testament in the New, which are very numerous, are not
made according to any uniform method. When the New Testament was
written, the Old was not divided, as it now is, into chapters and
verses, and hence such peculiarities as these: When Luke Luk 20:37,
refers to Exo 3:6 - he quotes from "Moses at the bush", i.e., the
section containing the record of Moses at the bush. So also Mark
Mar 2:26 - refers to 1Sa 21:1-6 - in the words, "in the days of
Abiathar;" and Paul Rom 11:2 - refers to 1Ki 17:1 - in the
words, "in Elias", i.e., in the portion of the history regarding
Elias. In general, the New Testament writers quote from the Septuagint
(q.v.) version of the Old Testament, as it was then in common use
among the Jews. But it is noticeable that these quotations are not
made in any uniform manner. Sometimes, e.g., the quotation does not
agree literally either with the LXX. or the Hebrew text. This occurs
in about one hundred instances. Sometimes the LXX. is literally quoted
(in about ninety instances), and sometimes it is corrected or altered
in the quotations (in over eighty instances). Quotations are sometimes
made also directly from the Hebrew text Mat 4:15-16 Joh 19:37.
1Co 15:54 - Besides the quotations made directly, there are found
numberless allusions, more or less distinct, showing that the minds of
the New Testament writers were filled with the expressions and ideas
as well as historical facts recorded in the Old. There are in all two
hundred and eighty-three direct quotations from the Old Testament in
the New, but not one clear and certain case of quotation from the
Apocrypha (q.v.). Besides quotations in the New from the Old
Testament, there are in Paul's writings three quotations from certain
Greek poets, Act 17:28 1Co 15:33 Ti 1:12 - These quotations are
memorials of his early classical education.


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