Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary - N



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Naam


Pleasantness, one of the three sons of Caleb, the son of Jephunneh
1Ch 4:15.


Naamah


The beautiful.
1. The daughter of Lamech and Zillah Gen 4:22.
2. The daughter of the king of Ammon, one of the wives of Solomon,
the only one who appears to have borne him a son, viz., Rehoboam
1Ki 14:21,31.
3. A city in the plain of Judah Jos 15:41 - supposed by some to be
identified with Na'aneh, some 5 miles south-east of Makkedah.


Naaman


Pleasantness, a Syrian, the commander of the armies of Benhadad II. in
the time of Joram, king of Israel. He was afflicted with leprosy; and
when the little Hebrew slave-girl that waited on his wife told her of
a prophet in Samaria who could cure her master, he obtained a letter
from Benhadad and proceeded with it to Joram. The king of Israel
suspected in this some evil design against him, and rent his clothes.
Elisha the prophet hearing of this, sent for Naaman, and the strange
interview which took place is recorded in 2Ki 5:1 - The narrative
contains all that is known of the Syrian commander. He was cured of
his leprosy by dipping himself seven times in the Jordan, according
to the word of Elisha. His cure is alluded to by our Lord Luk 4:27.


Naamathite


The designation of Zophar, one of Job's three friends Job 2:11 11:1.
so called from some place in Arabia, called Naamah probably.


Naarah


A girl, the second of Ashur's two wives, of the tribe of Judah
1Ch 4:5-6.


Naarai


Youthful, a military chief in David's army 1Ch 11:37 - called also
Paarai 2Sa 23:35.


Naaran


Boyish, juvenile, a town in Ephraim between Bethel and Jericho
1Ch 7:28.


Naarath


Girl, a town on the boundary between Ephraim and Benjamin Jos 16:7.
not far probably from Jericho, to the north 1Ch 7:28.


Nachon


Prepared, the owner of a thrashing-floor near which Uzzah was slain
2Sa 6:6 - called also Chidon 1Ch 13:9.


Nadab


Liberal, generous.
1. The eldest of Aaron's four sons Exo 6:23 Num 3:2 - He with his
brothers and their father were consecrated as priests of Jehovah
Exo 28:1 - He afterwards perished with Abihu for the sin of
offering strange fire on the altar of burnt-offering
Lev 10:1-2 Num 3:4 26:60.
2. The son and successor of Jeroboam, the king of Israel 1Ki 14:20.
While engaged with all Israel in laying siege to Gibbethon, a
town of southern Dan Jos 19:44 - a conspiracy broke out in his
army, and he was slain by Baasha 1Ki 15:25-28 - after a reign of
two years (B.C. 955) The assassination of Nadab was followed by
that of his whole house, and thus this great Ephraimite family
became extinct 1Ki 15:29.
3. One of the sons of Shammai in the tribe of Judah 1Ch 2:28,30.


Nagge


Illuminating, one of the ancestors of Christ in the maternal line
Luk 3:25.


Nahaliel


Possession, or valley of God, one of the encampments of the Israelites
in the wilderness Num 21:19 - on the confines of Moab. This is
identified with the ravine of the Zerka M'ain, the ancient Callirhoe,
the hot springs on the east of the Jordan, not far from the Dead Sea.


Nahallal


Pasture, a city in Zebulun on the border of Issachar Jos 19:15 - the
same as Nahalol Jud 1:30 - It was given to the Levites. It has been by
some identified with Malul in the plain of Esdraelon, 4 miles from
Nazareth.


Naharai


Snorer, a Berothite, one of David's heroes, and armour-bearer of Joab
1Ch 11:39.


Nahash


Serpent.
1. King of the Ammonites in the time of Saul. The inhabitants of
Jabesh-Gilead having been exposed to great danger from Nahash,
sent messengers to Gibeah to inform Saul of their extremity. He
promptly responded to the call, and gathering together an army
he marched against Nahash. "And it came to pass that they which
remained were scattered, so that two of them [the Ammonites]
were not left together" 1Sa 11:1-11.
2. Another king of the Ammonites of the same name is mentioned, who
showed kindness to David during his wanderings 2Sa 10:2 - On his
death David sent an embassy of sympathy to Hanun, his son and
successor, at Rabbah Ammon, his capital. The grievous insult
which was put upon these ambassadors led to a war against the
Ammonites, who, with their allies the Syrians, were completely
routed in a battle fought at "the entering in of the gate,"
probably of Medeba 2Sa 10:6-14 - Again Hadarezer rallied the
Syrian host, which was totally destroyed by the Israelite army
under Joab in a decisive battle fought at Helam 2Sa 10:17 - near
to Hamath 1Ch 18:3 - "So the Syrians feared to help the children
of Ammon any more" 2Sa 10:19.
3. The father of Amasa, who was commander-in-chief of Abasolom's
army 2Sa 17:25 - Jesse's wife had apparently been first married
to this man, to whom she bore Abigail and Zeruiah, who were thus
David's sisters, but only on the mother's side 1Ch 2:16.


Nahath


Rest.
1. One of the four sons of Reuel, the son of Esau Gen 36:13,17.
2. A Kohathite Levite 1Ch 6:26.
3. A Levite, one of the overseers of the sacred offerings of the
temple 2Ch 31:13.


Nahbi


Hidden, one of the twelve spies sent out to explore the land of Canaan
Num 13:14.


Nahor


Snorting.
1. The father of Terah, who was the father of Abraham
Gen 11:22-25 Luk 3:34.
2. A son of Terah, and elder brother of Abraham Gen 11:26,27.
Jos 24:2 - R.V. He married Milcah, the daughter of his
brother Haran, and remained in the land of his nativity on the
east of the river Euphrates at Haran Gen 11:27-32 - A
correspondence was maintained between the family of Abraham in
Canaan and the relatives in the old ancestral home at Haran till
the time of Jacob. When Jacob fled from Haran all intercourse
between the two branches of the family came to an end
Gen 31:55 - His grand-daughter Rebekah became Isaac's wife
Gen 24:67.


Nahshon


Sorcerer, the son of Aminadab, and prince of the children of Judah at
the time of the first numbering of the tribes in the wilderness
Exo 6:23 - His sister Elisheba was the wife of Aaron. He died in the
wilderness Num 26:64,65 - His name occurs in the Greek form Naasson
in the genealogy of Christ Mat 1:4 Luk 3:32.


Nahum


Consolation, the seventh of the so-called minor prophets, an
Elkoshite. All we know of him is recorded in the book of his
prophecies. He was probably a native of Galilee, and after the
deportation of the ten tribes took up his residence in Jerusalem.
Others think that Elkosh was the name of a place on the east bank of
the Tigris, and that Nahum dwelt there.


Nahum, Book of


1. Nahum prophesied, according to some, in the beginning of the reign
of Ahaz (B.C. 743) Others, however, think that his prophecies are
to be referred to the latter half of the reign of Hezekiah (about
B.C. 709) This is the more probable opinion, internal evidences
leading to that conclusion. Probably the book was written in
Jerusalem (soon after B.C. 709) where he witnessed the invasion of
Sennacherib and the destruction of his host 2Ki 19:35.
2. The subject of this prophecy is the approaching complete and final
destruction of Nineveh, the capital of the great and at that time
flourishing Assyrian empire. Assur-bani-pal was at the height of
his glory. Nineveh was a city of vast extent, and was then the
centre of the civilzation and commerce of the world, a "bloody city
all full of lies and robbery" Nah 3:1 - for it had robbed and
plundered all the neighbouring nations. It was strongly fortified
on every side, bidding defiance to every enemy; yet it was to be
utterly destroyed as a punishment for the great wickedness of its
inhabitants. Jonah had already uttered his message of warning, and
Nahum was followed by Zephaniah, who also predicted Zep 2:4-15.
the destruction of the city, predictions which were remarkably
fulfilled (B.C. 625) when Nineveh was destroyed apparently by fire,
and the Assyrian empire came to an end, an event which changed the
face of Asia.

See NINEVEH 02735.


Nail


For fastening.
1. Hebrew yathed, "piercing," a peg or nail of any material
Eze 15:3 - more especially a tent-peg Exo 27:19 35:18 38:20.
with one of which Jael (q.v.) pierced the temples of Sisera
Jud 4:21-22 - This word is also used metaphorically Zec 10:4.
for a prince or counsellor, just as "the battle-bow" represents
a warrior.
2. Masmer, a "point," the usual word for a nail. The words of the
wise are compared to "nails fastened by the masters of
assemblies" Ecc 12:11 - A.V. The Revised Version reads, "as nails
well fastened are the words of the masters," etc. Others (as
Plumptre) read, "as nails fastened are the masters of
assemblies" (comp.) Isa 22:23 Ezr 9:8 - David prepared nails for
the temple 1Ch 22:3 2Ch 3:9.
3. The nails by which our Lord was fixed to the cross are mentioned
Joh 20:25 Col 2:14.
4. Nail of the finger (Heb. tsipporen, "scraping"). To "pare the
nails" is in Deu 21:12 - (marg., "make," or "dress," or "suffer
to grow") one of the signs of purification, separation from former
heathenism (comp.) Lev 14:8 Num 8:7 - In Jer 17:1 - this word
is rendered "point."


Nain


(from Heb. nain, "green pastures," "lovely"), the name of a town near
the gate of which Jesus raised to life a widow's son Luk 7:11-17 - It
is identified with the village called Nein, standing on the
north-western slope of Jebel ed-Duhy (=the "hill Moreh" "Little
hermon"), about 4 miles from Tabor and 25 southwest of Capernaum. At
the foot of the slope on which it stands is the great plain of
Esdraelon. This was the first miracle of raising the dead our Lord had
wrought, and it excited great awe and astonishment among the people.


Naioth


Dwellings, the name given to the prophetical college established by
Samuel near Ramah. It consisted of a cluster of separate dwellings,
and hence its name. David took refuge here when he fled from Saul
1Sa 19:18,19,22,23 - and here he passed a few weeks in peace (comp.)
Psa 11:1 - It was probably the common residence of the "sons of the
prophets."


Naked


This word denotes
1. absolute nakedness Gen 2:25 Job 1:21 Ec 5:15 Mic 1:8 Amo 2:16.
2. being poorly clad Isa 58:7 Jas 2:15 - It denotes also
3. the state of one who has laid aside his loose outer garment
(Lat. nudus), and appears clothed only in a long tunic or under
robe worn next the skin 1Sa 19:24 Isa 47:3 - comp. Mar 14:52.
Joh 21:7 - It is used figuratively, meaning "being
discovered" or "made manifest" Job 26:6 Heb 4:13 - In
Exo 32:25 - the expression "the people were naked" (A.V.) is
more correctly rendered in the Revised Version "the people were
broken loose", i.e., had fallen into a state of lawlessness and
insubordination. In 2Ch 28:19 - the words "he made Judah
naked" (A.V.), but Revised Version "he had dealt wantonly in
Judah," mean "he had permitted Judah to break loose from all the
restraints of religion."


Naomi


The lovable; my delight, the wife of Elimelech, and mother of Mahlon
and Chilion, and mother-in-law of Ruth Rut 1:2,20,21 2:1 - Elimelech
and his wife left the district of Bethlehem-Judah, and found a new
home in the uplands of Moab. In course of time he died, as also his
two sons Mahlon and Chilion, who had married women of Moab, and three
widows were left mourning the loss of their husbands. Naomi longs to
return now to her own land, to Bethlehem. One of her widowed
daughters-in-law, Ruth, accompanies her, and is at length married to
Boaz (q.v.).


Naphish


Refresher, one of the sons of Ishmael Gen 25:15 1Ch 1:31 - He was the
father of an Arab tribe.


Naphtali


My wrestling, the fifth son of Jacob. His mother was Bilhah, Rachel's
handmaid Gen 30:8 - When Jacob went down into Egypt, Naphtali had four
sons Gen 46:24 - Little is known of him as an individual.


Naphtali, Mount


The mountainous district of Naphtali Jos 20:7.


Naphtali, Tribe of


On this tribe Jacob pronounced the patriarchal blessing, "Naphtali is
a hind let loose: he giveth goodly words" Gen 49:21 - It was
intended thus to set forth under poetic imagery the future character
and history of the tribe. At the time of the Exodus this tribe
numbered 53,400 adult males Num 1:43 - but at the close of the
wanderings they numbered only 45,400 Num 26:48-50 - Along with Dan
and Asher they formed "the camp of Dan," under a common standard
Num 2:25-31 - occupying a place during the march on the north side
of the tabernacle. The possession assigned to this tribe is set forth
in Jos 19:32-39 - It lay in the north-eastern corner of the land,
bounded on the east by the Jordan and the lakes of Merom and Galilee,
and on the north it extended far into Coele-Syria, the valley between
the two Lebanon ranges. It comprehended a greater variety of rich and
beautiful scenery and of soil and climate than fell to the lot of any
other tribe. The territory of Naphtali extended to about 800 square
miles, being the double of that of Issachar. The region around Kedesh,
one of its towns, was originally called Galil, a name afterwards given
to the whole northern division of Canaan. A large number of foreigners
settled here among the mountains, and hence it was called "Galilee of
the Gentiles" (q.v.), Mat 4:15-16 - The southern portion of Naphtali
has been called the "Garden of Palestine." It was of unrivalled
fertility. It was the principal scene of our Lord's public ministry.
Here most of his parables were spoken and his miracles wrought. This
tribe was the first to suffer from the invasion of Benhadad, king of
Syria, in the reigns of Baasha, king of Israel, and Asa, king of Judah
1Ki 15:20 2Ch 16:4 - In the reign of Pekah, king of Israel, the
Assyrians under Tiglath-pileser swept over the whole north of Israel,
and carried the people into captivity 2Ki 15:29 - Thus the kingdom
of Israel came to an end (B.C. 722) Naphtali is now almost wholly a
desert, the towns of Tiberias, on the shore of the Lake of Galilee,
and Safed being the only places in it of any importance.


Naphtuhim


A Hamitic tribe descended from Mizraim Gen 10:13 - Others identify this
word with Napata, the name of the city and territory on the southern
frontier of Mizraim, the modern Meroe, at the great bend of the Nile
at Soudan. This city was the royal residence, it is said, of Queen
Candace Act 8:27 - Here there are extensive and splendid ruins.


Napkin


(Gr. soudarion, Joh 11:44 20:7 - Lat. sudarium, a "sweat-cloth"), a
cloth for wiping the sweat from the face. But the word is used of a
wrapper to fold money in Luk 19:20 - and as an article of dress, a
"handkerchief" worn on the head Act 19:12.


Narcissus


Daffodil, a Roman whom Paul salutes Rom 16:11 - He is supposed to have
been the private secretary of the emperor Claudius. This is, however,
quite uncertain.


Nathan


Given.
1. A prophet in the reigns of David and Solomon 2Ch 9:29 - He is
first spoken of in connection with the arrangements David made
for the building of the temple 2Sa 7:2-3,17 - and next appears as
the reprover of David on account of his sin with Bathsheba
2Sa 12:1-14 - He was charged with the education of Solomon
2Sa 12:25 - at whose inauguration to the throne he took a
prominent part 1Ki 1:8,10-11,22-45 - His two sons, Zabad
1Ch 2:36 - and Azariah 1Ki 4:5 - occupied places of honour
at the king's court. He last appears in assisting David in
reorganizing the public worship 2Ch 29:25 - He seems to have
written a life of David, and also a life of Solomon 1Ch 29:29.
2Ch 9:29.
2. A son of David, by Bathsheba 2Sa 5:14 - whose name appears in the
genealogy of Mary, the mother of our Lord Luk 3:31.
3. Ezr 8:16.


Nathanael


Given or gift of God, one of our Lord's disciples, "of Cana in
Galilee" Joh 21:2 - He was "an Israelite indeed, in whom was no guile"
Joh 1:47,48 - His name occurs only in the Gospel of John, who in his
list of the disciples never mentions Bartholomew, with whom he has
consequently been identified. He was one of those to whom the Lord
showed himself alive after his resurrection, at the Sea of Tiberias.


Nativity of Christ


The birth of our Lord took place at the time and place predicted by the
prophets Gen 49:10 Isa 7:14 Jer 31:15 Mic 5:2 Hag 2:6-9 Dan 9:24,25.
Joseph and Mary were providentially led to go up to Bethlehem at this
period, and there Christ was born Mat 2:1,6 Luk 2:1,7 - The exact year
or month or day of his birth cannot, however, now be exactly
ascertained. We know, however, that it took place in the "fulness of
the time" Gal 4:4 - i.e., at the fittest time in the world's history.
Chronologists are now generally agreed that the year 4 before the
Christian era was the year of Christ's nativity, and consequently that
he was about four years old in the year 1 A.D.


Naughty Figs


Jer 24:2 - "The bad figs may have been such either from having decayed,
and thus been reduced to a rotten condition, or as being the fruit of
the sycamore, which contains a bitter juice" (Tristram, Nat. Hist.).
The inferiority of the fruit is here referred to as an emblem of the
rejected Zedekiah and his people.

See FIG 01329.


Nazarene


This epithet (Gr. Nazaraios) is applied to Christ only once Mat 2:23.
In all other cases the word is rendered "of Nazareth" Mar 1:24, 10:47,
14:67 - etc. When this Greek designation was at first applied to our
Lord, it was meant simply to denote the place of his residence. In
course of time the word became a term of reproach. Thus the word
"Nazarene" carries with it an allusion to those prophecies which
speak of Christ as "despised of men" Isa 53:3 - Some, however, think
that in this name there is an allusion to the Hebrew - netser -, which
signifies a branch or sprout. It is so applied to the Messiah Isa 11:1.
i.e., he whom the prophets called the - Netse -, the "Branch." The
followers of Christ were called "the sect of Nazarenes" Act 24:5 - All
over Palestine and Syria this name is still given to Christians.

See NAZARETH 02676.


Neah


Shaking, or settlement, or descent, a town on the east side of
Zebulun, not far from Rimmon Jos 19:13.


Neapolis


New city, a town in Thrace at which Paul first landed in Europe
Act 16:11 - It was the sea-port of the inland town of Philippi,
which was distant about 10 miles. From this port Paul embarked on his
last journey to Jerusalem Act 20:6 - It is identified with the
modern Turco-Grecian Kavalla.


Nebaioth


Height.
1. Ishmael's eldest son Gen 25:13 - and the prince of an Israelitish
tribe Gen 25:16 - He had a sister, Mahalath, who was one of Esau's
wives Gen 28:9 36:3.
2. The name of the Ishmaelite tribe descended from the above
Gen 25:13,18 - The "rams of Nebaioth" Isa 60:7 - are the
gifts which these wandering tribes of the desert would
consecrate to God.


Neballat


Wickedness in secret, Neh 11:34 - probably the village of Beit Nebala,
about 4 miles north of Lydda.


Nebat


Sight; aspect, the father of Jeroboam, the king of Israel 1Ki 11:26.
etc.


Nebuchadrezzar


=Nebuchadnezzar Jer 21:2,7 22:25 24:1 - etc., a nearer approach to the
correct spelling of the word.


Nebushasban


Adorer of Nebo, or Nebo saves me, the "Rabsaris," or chief
chamberlain, of the court of Babylon. He was one of those whom the
king sent to release Jeremiah from prison in Jerusalem Jer 39:13.


Nebuzaradan


"the captain of the guard," in rank next to the king, who appears
prominent in directing affairs at the capture of Jerusalem
2Ki 25:8-20 Jer 39:11 40:2-5 - He showed kindness toward Jeremiah,
as commanded by Nebuchadnezzar Jer 40:1 - Five years after this he
again came to Jerusalem and carried captive seven hundred and
forty-five more Jews.


Neck


Used sometimes figuratively.
1. To "lay down the neck" Rom 16:4 - is to hazard one's life.
2. Threatenings of coming judgments are represented by the prophets
by their laying bands upon the people's necks Deu 28:48 Isa 10:27.
Jer 27:2.
3. Conquerors put their feet on the necks of their enemies as a sign
of their subjection Jos 10:24 2Sa 22:41.


Necromancer


Deu 18:11 - i.e., "one who interrogates the dead," as the word
literally means, with the view of discovering the secrets of futurity
(comp.) 1Sa 28:7.

See DIVINATION 01047.


Nedabiah


Moved of Jehovah, one of the sons of Jeconiah 1Ch 3:18.


Needle


Used only in the proverb, "to pass through a needle's eye" Mat 19:24.
Mar 10:25 Luk 18:25 - Some interpret the expression as referring to the
side gate, close to the principal gate, usually called the "eye of a
needle" in the East; but it is rather to be taken literally. The
Hebrew females were skilled in the use of the needle
Exo 28:39 26:36 Jud 5:30.


Neginah


In the title of Psa 61:1 - denotes the music of stringed instruments
1Sa 16:16 Isa 38:20 - It is the singular form of Neginoth.


Neginoth


i.e., songs with instrumental accompaniment, found in the titles of
Psa 4:1 6:1 54:1 55:1 67:1 76:1 - rendered "stringed instruments,"
Hab 3:19 - A.V. It denotes all kinds of stringed instruments, as
the "harp," "psaltery," "viol," etc. The "chief musician on Neginoth"
is the leader of that part of the temple choir which played on
stringed instruments.


Nehelamite


The name given to a false prophet Shemaiah, who went with the captives
to Babylon Jer 29:24,31,32 - The origin of the name is unknown. It is
rendered in the marg, "dreamer."


Nehemiah, Book of


1. The author of this book was no doubt Nehemiah himself. There
are portions of the book written in the first person Neh 1:1-11.
Neh 12:27-47 13:1-31 - But there are also portions of it in which
Nehemiah is spoken of in the third person Neh 8:1-10:39 - It is
supposed that these portions may have been written by Ezra; of
this, however, there is no distinct evidence. These portions had
their place assigned them in the book, there can be no doubt, by
Nehemiah. He was the responsible author of the whole book, with the
exception of Neh 12:11,22,23|.
2. The date at which the book was written was probably about B.C. 431
when Nehemiah had returned the second time to Jerusalem after his
visit to Persia.
3. The book, which may historically be regarded as a continuation of
the book of Ezra, consists of four parts.
a. An account of the rebuilding of the wall of Jerusalem, and of
the register Nehemiah had found of those who had returned from
Babylon (ch. 1-7)
b. An account of the state of religion among the Jews during this
time (8-10).
c. Increase of the inhabitants of Jerusalem; the census of the
adult male population, and names of the chiefs, together with
lists of priests and Levites (11:1-12:1-26).
d. Dedication of the wall of Jerusalem, the arrangement of the
temple officers, and the reforms carried out by Nehemiah
Neh 12:27-13:31 - This book closes the history of the Old
Testament. Malachi the prophet was contemporary with Nehemiah.


Nehiloth


Only in the title of Psa 5:1 - It is probably derived from a root
meaning "to bore," "perforate," and hence denotes perforated wind
instruments of all kinds. The psalm may be thus regarded as addressed
to the conductor of the temple choir which played on flutes and
such-like instruments.


Nehushta


Copper, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem, and the wife of
Jehoiakin 2Ki 24:8 - king of Judah.


Nehushtan


Of copper; a brazen thing a name of contempt given to the serpent
Moses had made in the wilderness Num 21:8 - and which Hezekiah
destroyed because the children of Israel began to regard it as an
idol and "burn incense to it." The lapse of nearly one thousand years
had invested the "brazen serpent" with a mysterious sanctity; and in
order to deliver the people from their infatuation, and impress them
with the idea of its worthlessness, Hezekiah called it, in contempt,
"Nehushtan," a brazen thing, a mere piece of brass 2Ki 18:4.


Neiel


Dwelling-place of God, a town in the territory of Asher, near its
southern border Jos 19:27 - It has been identified with the ruin
Y'anin, near the outlet of the Wady esh Sha-ghur, less than 2 miles
north of Kabul, and 16 miles east of Caesarea.


Nekeb


Cavern, a town on the boundary of Naphtali Jos 19:33 - It has with
probability, been identified with Seiyadeh, nearly 2 miles east
of Bessum, a ruin half way between Tiberias and Mount Tabor.


Nemuel


Day of God.
1. One of Simeon's five sons 1Ch 4:24 - called also Jemuel
Gen 46:10.
2. A Reubenite, a son of Eliab, and brother of Dathan and Abiram
Num 26:9.


Nephilim


Gen 6:4 Num 13:33 - (R.V.), giants, the Hebrew word left untranslated by
the Revisers, the name of one of the Canaanitish tribes. The Revisers
have, however, translated the Hebrew gibborim, in Gen 6:4 - "mighty
men."


Nephtoah


Opened, a fountain and a stream issuing from it on the border between
Judah and Benjamin Jos 15:8-9 18:15 - It has been identified with 'Ain
Lifta, a spring about 2 1/2 miles north-west of Jerusalem. Others,
however, have identified it with 'Ain' Atan, on the south-west of
Bethlehem, whence water is conveyed through "Pilate's aqueduct" to the
Haram area at Jerusalem.


Ner


Light, the father of Kish 1Ch 8:33 1Sa 14:51 - should be read, "Kish,
the father of Saul, and Ner, the father of Abner, were the sons of
Abiel." And hence this Kish and Ner were brothers, and Saul and Abner
were first cousins (comp.) 1Ch 9:36.


Nereus


A Christian at Rome to whom Paul sent his salutation Rom 16:15.


Nergal


The great dog; that is, lion, one of the chief gods of the Assyrians
and Babylonians 2Ki 17:30 - the god of war and hunting. He is
connected with Cutha as its tutelary deity.


Nergal-sharezer


Nergal, protect the king!
1. One of the "princes of the king of Babylon who accompanied him
in his last expedition against Jerusalem" Jer 39:3,13.
2. Another of the "princes," who bore the title of "Rabmag." He was
one of those who were sent to release Jeremiah from prison
Jer 39:13 - by "the captain of the guard." He was a
Babylonian grandee of high rank. From profane history and the
inscriptions, we are led to conclude that he was the Neriglissar
who murdered Evil-merodach, the son of Nebuchadnezzar, and
succeeded him on the throne of Babylon (B.C. 559) He was married
to a daughter of Nebuchadnezzar. The ruins of a palace, the only
one on the right bank of the Euphrates, bear inscriptions
denoting that it was built by this king. He was succeeded by his
son, a mere boy, who was murdered after a reign of some nine
months by a conspiracy of the nobles, one of whom, Nabonadius,
ascended the vacant throne, and reigned for a period of
seventeen years (B.C. 555) at the close of which period Babylon
was taken by Cyrus. Belshazzar, who comes into notice in
connection with the taking of Babylon, was by some supposed to
have been the same as Nabonadius, who was called
Nebuchadnezzar's son Dan 5:11,18,22 - because he had married
his daughter. But it is known from the inscriptions that
Nabonadius had a son called Belshazzar, who may have been his
father's associate on the throne at the time of the fall of
Babylon, and who therefore would be the grandson of
Nebuchadnezzar. The Jews had only one word, usually rendered
"father," to represent also such a relationship as that of
"grandfather" or "great-grandfather."


Nero


Occurs only in the superscription (which is probably spurious, and is
altogether omitted in the R.V.) to the Second Epistle to Timothy. He
became emperor of Rome when he was about seventeen years of age (A.D.
54 and soon began to exhibit the character of a cruel tyrant and
heathen debauchee. In May A.D. 64 a terrible conflagration broke
out in Rome, which raged for six days and seven nights, and totally
destroyed a great part of the city. The guilt of this fire was
attached to him at the time, and the general verdict of history
accuses him of the crime. "Hence, to suppress the rumour," says
Tacitus (Annals, xv. 44) "he falsely charged with the guilt, and
punished with the most exquisite tortures, the persons commonly
called Christians, who are hated for their enormities. Christus, the
founder of that name, was put to death as a criminal by Pontius
Pilate, procurator of Judea, in the reign of Tiberius; but the
pernicious superstition, repressed for a time, broke out again, not
only throughout Judea, where the mischief originated, but through the
city of Rome also, whither all things horrible and disgraceful flow,
from all quarters, as to a common receptacle, and where they are
encouraged. Accordingly, first three were seized, who confessed they
were Christians. Next, on their information, a vast multitude were
convicted, not so much on the charge of burning the city as of hating
the human race. And in their deaths they were also made the subjects
of sport; for they were covered with the hides of wild beasts and
worried to death by dogs, or nailed to crosses, or set fire to, and,
when day declined, burned to serve for nocturnal lights. Nero offered
his own gardens for that spectacle, and exhibited a Circensian game,
indiscriminately mingling with the common people in the habit of a
charioteer, or else standing in his chariot; whence a feeling of
compassion arose toward the sufferers, though guilty and deserving to
be made examples of by capital punishment, because they seemed not to
be cut off for the public good, but victims to the ferocity of one
man." Another Roman historian, Suetonius (Nero, xvi.), says of him:
"He likewise inflicted punishments on the Christians, a sort of
people who hold a new and impious superstition" (Forbes's Footsteps
of St. Paul, p. 60) Nero was the emperor before whom Paul was
brought on his first imprisonment at Rome, and the apostle is
supposed to have suffered martyrdom during this persecution. He is
repeatedly alluded to in Scripture Act 25:11 Php 1:12-13 4:22 - He died
A.D. 68


Net


In use among the Hebrews for fishing, hunting, and fowling. The
fishing-net was probably constructed after the form of that used by
the Egyptians Isa 19:8 - There were three kinds of nets.
1. The drag-net or hauling-net (Gr. sagene), of great size, and
requiring many men to work it. It was usually let down from the
fishing-boat, and then drawn to the shore or into the boat, as
circumstances might require Mat 13:47,48.
2. The hand-net or casting-net (Gr. amphiblestron), which was
thrown from a rock or a boat at any fish that might be seen
Mat 4:18 Mar 1:16 - It was called by the Latins funda. It was
of circular form, "like the top of a tent."
3. The bag-net (Gr. diktyon), used for enclosing fish in deep water
Luk 5:4-9.

The fowling-nets were
1. the trap, consisting of a net spread over a frame, and supported
by a stick in such a way that it fell with the slightest touch
Amo 3:5 - "gin;" Psa 69:22 Job 18:9 Ec 9:12.
2. The snare, consisting of a cord to catch birds by the leg
Job 18:10 Psa 18:5 116:3 140:5.
3. The decoy, a cage filled with birds as decoys Jer 5:26,27.
Hunting-nets were much in use among the Hebrews.


Nethaneel


Given of God.
1. The son of Zuar, chief of the tribe of Issachar at the Exodus
Num 1:8 2:5.
2. One of David's brothers 1Ch 2:14.
3. A priest who blew the trumpet before the ark when it was brought
up to Jerusalem 1Ch 15:24.
4. A Levite 1Ch 24:6.
5. A temple porter, of the family of the Korhites 1Ch 26:4.
6. One of the "princes" appointed by Jehoshaphat to teach the law
through the cities of Judah 2Ch 17:7.
7. A chief Levite in the time of Josiah 2Ch 35:9.
8. Ezr 10:22.
9. Neh 12:21.
10. A priest's son who bore a trumpet at the dedication of the walls
of Jerusalem Neh 12:36.


Nethaniah


Given of Jehovah.
1. One of Asaph's sons, appointed by David to minister in the
temple 1Ch 25:2,12.
2. A Levite sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the law 2Ch 17:8.
3. Jer 36:14.
4. 2Ki 25:23,25.


Nethinim


The name given to the hereditary temple servants in all the
post-Exilian books of Scripture. The word means given, i.e., "those
set apart", viz., to the menial work of the sanctuary for the
Levites. The name occurs seventeen times, and in each case in the
Authorized Version incorrectly terminates in "s", "Nethinims;" in the
Revised Version, correctly without the "s" Ezr 2:70 7:7,24 8:20 - etc.
The tradition is that the Gibeonites Jos 9:27 - were the original
caste, afterwards called Nethinim. Their numbers were added to
afterwards from captives taken in battle; and they were formally
given by David to the Levites Ezr 8:20 - and so were called Nethinim,
i.e., the given ones, given to the Levites to be their servants. Only
612 Nethinim returned from Babylon Ezr 2:58 8:20 - They were under
the control of a chief from among themselves Ezr 2:43 Neh 7:46 - No
reference to them appears in the New Testament, because it is
probable that they became merged in the general body of the Jewish
people.


Netophah


Distillation; dropping, a town in Judah, in the neighbourhood,
probably, of Bethlehem Neh 7:26 1Ch 2:54 - Two of David's guards were
Netophathites 1Ch 27:13,15 - It has been identified with the ruins of
Metoba, or Um Toba, to the north-east of Bethlehem.


Nettle


1. Heb. haral, "pricking" or "burning," Pro 24:30-31 - (R.V.
marg., "wild vetches"); Job 30:7 Zep 2:9 - Many have supposed
that some thorny or prickly plant is intended by this word, such
as the bramble, the thistle, the wild plum, the cactus or
prickly pear, etc. It may probably be a species of mustard, the
Sinapis arvensis, which is a pernicious weed abounding in
corn-fields. Tristram thinks that this word "designates the
prickly acanthus (Acanthus spinosus), a very common and
troublesome weed in the plains of Palestine."
2. Heb. qimmosh, Isa 34:13 Hos 9:6 Pr 24:31 - (in both versions,
"thorns"). This word has been regarded as denoting thorns,
thistles, wild camomile; but probably it is correctly rendered
"nettle," the Urtica pilulifera, "a tall and vigorous plant,
often 6 feet high, the sting of which is much more severe and
irritating than that of our common nettle."


New Moon Feast of


Special services were appointed for the commencement of a month
Num 28:11-15 10:10.

See FESTIVALS 01325.


New Testament


Luk 22:20 - rather "New Covenant," in contrast to the old covenant
of works, which is superseded. "The covenant of grace is called new;
it succeeds to the old broken covenant of works. It is ever fresh,
flourishing, and excellent; and under the gospel it is dispensed in a
more clear, spiritual, extensive, and powerful manner than of old"
(Brown of Haddington). Hence is derived the name given to the latter
portion of the Bible.

See TESTAMENT 03623.


Neziah


Victory; pure, Ezr 2:54 Neh 7:56.


Nezib


A town in the "plain" of Judah. It has been identified with Beit
Nuzib, about 14 miles south-west of Jerusalem, in the Wady Sur
Jos 15:43.


Nibhaz


Barker, the name of an idol, supposed to be an evil demon of the
Zabians. It was set up in Samaria by the Avites 2Ki 17:31 - probably
in the form of a dog.


Nibshan


Fertile; light soil, a city somewhere "in the wilderness" of Judah
Jos 15:62 - probably near Engedi.


Nicanor


Conqueror, one of the seven deacons appointed in the apostolic Church
Act 6:1-6 - Nothing further is known of him.


Nicodemus


The people is victor, a Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin. He is
first noticed as visiting Jesus by night Joh 3:1-21 - for the purpose
of learning more of his doctrines, which our Lord then unfolded to
him, giving prominence to the necessity of being "born again." He is
next met with in the Sanhedrin Joh 7:50-52 - where he protested
against the course they were taking in plotting against Christ. Once
more he is mentioned as taking part in the preparation for the
anointing and burial of the body of Christ Joh 19:39 - We hear nothing
more of him. There can be little doubt that he became a true
disciple.


Nicolaitanes


The church at Ephesus Rev 2:6 - is commended for hating the "deeds" of
the Nicolaitanes, and the church of Pergamos is blamed for having
them who hold their "doctrines" Rev 2:15. They were seemingly a
class of professing Christians, who sought to introduce into the
church a false freedom or licentiousness, thus abusing Paul's doctrine
of grace (comp.) 2Pe 2:15,16,19 - and were probably identical with
those who held the doctrine of Baalam (q.v.), Rev 2:14.


Nicolas


The victory of the people, a proselyte of Antioch, one of the seven
deacons Act 6:5.


Nicopolis


City of victory, where Paul intended to winter Tit 3:12 - There were
several cities of this name. The one here referred to was most
probably that in Epirus, which was built by Augustus Caesar to
commemorate his victory at the battle of Actium (B.C. 31) It is the
modern Paleoprevesa, i.e., "Old Prevesa." The subscription to the
epistle to Titus calls it "Nicopolis of Macedonia", i.e., of Thrace.
This is, however, probably incorrect.


Niger


Black, a surname of Simeon Act 13:1 - He was probably so called from his
dark complexion.


Night-hawk


(Heb. tahmas) occurs only in the list of unclean birds Lev 11:16.
Deu 14:15 - This was supposed to be the night-jar (Caprimulgus),
allied to the swifts. The Hebrew word is derived from a root meaning
"to scratch or tear the face," and may be best rendered, in accordance
with the ancient versions, "an owl" (Strix flammea). The Revised
Version renders "night-hawk."


Nile


Dark; blue, not found in Scripture, but frequently referred to in the
Old Testament under the name of Sihor, i.e., "the black stream"
Isa 23:3 Jer 2:18 - or simply "the river" Gen 41:1 Ex 1:22 - etc.
and the "flood of Egypt" Amo 8:8 - It consists of two rivers, the
White Nile, which takes its rise in the Victoria Nyanza, and the Blue
Nile, which rises in the Abyssinian Mountains. These unite at the town
of Khartoum, whence it pursues its course for 1,800 miles, and
falls into the Mediterranean through its two branches, into which it
is divided a few miles north of Cairo, the Rosetta and the Damietta
branch.

See EGYPT 01137.


Nimrah


Pure, a city on the east of Jordan Num 32:3 - probably the same as
Beth-nimrah Jos 13:27 - It has been identified with the Nahr Nimrin,
at one of the fords of Jordan, not far from Jericho.


Nimrim, Waters of


The stream of the leopards, a stream in Moab Isa 15:6 Jer 48:34.
probably the modern Wady en-Nemeirah, a rich, verdant spot at the
south-eastern end of the Dead Sea.


Nimrod


Firm, a descendant of Cush, the son of Ham. He was the first who
claimed to be a "mighty one in the earth." Babel was the beginning of
his kingdom, which he gradually enlarged Gen 10:8-10 - The "land of
Nimrod" Mic 5:6 - is a designation of Assyria or of Shinar, which is a
part of it.


Nimshi


Saved. Jehu was "the son of Jehoshaphat, the son of Nimshi"
2Ki 9:2 - comp. 1Ki 19:16.


Nisan


Month of Flowers, Neh 2:1 - the first month of the Jewish sacred year.
Assyrian nisannu, "beginning."

See ABIB 00026.


Nisroch


Probably connected with the Hebrew word - nesher -, an eagle. An
Assyrian god, supposed to be that represented with the head of an
eagle. Sennacherib was killed in the temple of this idol
2Ki 19:37 Isa 37:38.


Nitre


Pro 25:20 - R.V. marg., "soda", properly "natron," a substance so called
because, rising from the bottom of the Lake Natron in Egypt, it
becomes dry and hard in the sun, and is the soda which effervesces
when vinegar is poured on it. It is a carbonate of soda, not
saltpetre, which the word generally denotes Jer 2:22 - R.V. "lye".


No


Or No-A'mon, the home of Amon, the name of Thebes, the ancient capital
of what is called the Middle Empire, in Upper or Southern Egypt. "The
multitude of No" Jer 46:25 - is more correctly rendered, as in the
Revised Version, "Amon of No", i.e., No, where Jupiter Amon had his
temple. In Eze 30:14,16 - it is simply called "No;" but in
Eze 30:15 - the name has the Hebrew Hamon prefixed to it, "Hamon
No." This prefix is probably the name simply of the god usually styled
Amon or Ammon. In Nah 3:8 - the "populous No" of the Authorized
Version is in the Revised Version correctly rendered "No-Amon." It was
the Diospolis or Thebes of the Greeks, celebrated for its hundred
gates and its vast population. It stood on both sides of the Nile, and
is by some supposed to have included Karnak and Luxor. In grandeur and
extent it can only be compared to Nineveh. It is mentioned only in the
prophecies referred to, which point to its total destruction. It was
first taken by the Assyrians in the time of Sargon Isa 20:1.
It was afterwards "delivered into the hand" of Nebuchadnezzar and
Assurbani-pal Jer 46:25-26 - Cambyses, king of the Persians (B.C.
525) further laid it waste by fire. Its ruin was completed (B.C. 81) by
Ptolemy Lathyrus. The ruins of this city are still among the most
notable in the valley of the Nile. They have formed a great storehouse
of interesting historic remains for more than two thousand years. "As
I wandered day after day with ever-growing amazement amongst these
relics of ancient magnificence, I felt that if all the ruins in
Europe, classical, Celtic, and medieval, were brought together into
one centre, they would fall far short both in extent and grandeur of
those of this single Egyptian city." Manning, The Land of the
Pharaohs.


Noadiah


Meeting with the Lord.
1. A Levite who returned from Babylon Ezr 8:33.
2. A false prophetess who assisted Tobiah and Sanballat against the
Jews Neh 6:14 - Being bribed by them, she tried to stir up
discontent among the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and so to
embarrass Nehemiah in his great work of rebuilding the ruined
walls of the city.


Noah


1. Rest, (Heb. Noah) the grandson of Methuselah Gen 5:25-29 - who
was for two hundred and fifty years contemporary with Adam, and
the son of Lamech, who was about fifty years old at the time of
Adam's death. This patriarch is rightly regarded as the
connecting link between the old and the new world. He is the
second great progenitor of the human family. The words of his
father Lamech at his birth Gen 5:29 - have been regarded as in
a sense prophetical, designating Noah as a type of Him who is the
true "rest and comfort" of men under the burden of life
Mat 11:28 - He lived five hundred years, and then there were
born unto him three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth Gen 5:32 - He
was a "just man and perfect in his generation," and "walked with
God" (comp.) Eze 14:14,20 - But now the descendants of Cain
and of Seth began to intermarry, and then there sprang up a race
distinguished for their ungodliness. Men became more and more
corrupt, and God determined to sweep the earth of its wicked
population Gen 6:7 - But with Noah God entered into a covenant,
with a promise of deliverance from the threatened deluge
Gen 6:18. He was accordingly commanded to build an ark
Gen 6:14-16 - for the saving of himself and his house. An
interval of one hundred and twenty years elapsed while the ark
was being built Gen 6:3 - during which Noah bore constant
testimony against the unbelief and wickedness of that generation
1Pe 3:18-20 2Pe 2:5 - When the ark of "gopher-wood" (mentioned
only here) was at length completed according to the command of
the Lord, the living creatures that were to be preserved entered
into it; and then Noah and his wife and sons and daughters-in-law
entered it, and the "Lord shut him in" Gen 7:16 - The
judgment-threatened now fell on the guilty world, "the world that
then was, being overflowed with water, perished" 2Pe 3:6 - The
ark floated on the waters for one hundred and fifty days, and
then rested on the mountains of Ararat Gen 8:3-4 - but not for
a considerable time after this was divine permission given him to
leave the ark, so that he and his family were a whole year shut
up within it Gen 7:11 8:13-14 - On leaving the ark Noah's first
act was to erect an altar, the first of which there is any
mention, and offer the sacrifices of adoring thanks and praise to
God, who entered into a covenant with him, the first covenant
between God and man, granting him possession of the earth by a
new and special charter, which remains in force to the present
time Gen 8:21-22 9:1-17 - As a sign and witness of this
covenant, the rainbow was adopted and set apart by God, as a sure
pledge that never again would the earth be destroyed by a flood.
But, alas! Noah after this fell into grievous sin Gen 9:21.
and the conduct of Ham on this sad occasion led to the memorable
prediction regarding his three sons and their descendants. Noah
"lived after the flood three hundred and fifty years, and he
died" Gen 9:29.
See DELUGE 01011.
2. Noah, motion, (Heb. No'ah) one of the five daughters of
Zelophehad Num 26:33 27:1 36:11 Jos 17:3.


Nob


High place, a city of the priests, first mentioned in the history of
David's wanderings 1Sa 21:1 - Here the tabernacle was then standing,
and here Ahimelech the priest resided.
See AHIMELECH 00143.
From Isa 10:28-32 - it seems to have been near Jerusalem. It has
been identified by some with el-Isawiyeh, one mile and a half to the
north-east of Jerusalem. But according to Isa 10:28-32 - it was on
the south of Geba, on the road to Jerusalem, and within sight of the
city. This identification does not meet these conditions, and hence
others (as Dean Stanley) think that it was the northern summit of
Mount Olivet, the place where David "worshipped God" when fleeing from
Absalom 2Sa 15:32 - or more probably (Conder) that it was the same
as Mizpeh (q.v.), Jud 20:1 Jos 18:26 1Sa 7:16 - at Nebi Samwil,
about 5 miles north-west of Jerusalem. After being supplied with the
sacred loaves of showbread, and girding on the sword of Goliath, which
was brought forth from behind the ephod, David fled from Nob and
sought refuge at the court of Achish, the king of Gath, where he was
cast into prison. (Comp. titles of Psa 34:1 56:1)


Nobah


Howling.
1. Num 32:42.
2. The name given to Kenath (q.v.) by Nobah when he conquered it.
It was on the east of Gilead Jud 8:11.


Nobleman


(Gr. basilikos, i.e., "king's man"), an officer of state Joh 4:49 - in
the service of Herod Antipas. He is supposed to have been the Chuza,
Herod's steward, whose wife was one of those women who "ministered
unto the Lord of their substance" Luk 8:3 - This officer came to Jesus
at Cana and besought him to go down to Capernaum and heal his son,
who lay there at the point of death. Our Lord sent him away with the
joyful assurance that his son was alive.


Nod


Exile; wandering; unrest, a name given to the country to which Cain
fled Gen 4:16 - It lay on the east of Eden.


Nodab


Noble, probably a tribe descended from one of the sons of Ishmael,
with whom the trans-Jordanic tribes made war 1Ch 5:19.


Nogah


Splendour, one of David's sons, born at Jerusalem 1Ch 3:7.


Noph


The Hebrew name of an Egyptian city Isa 19:13 Jer 2:16 44:1 46:14,19.
Eze 30:13,16 - In Hos 9:6 - the Hebrew name is Moph, and is
translated "Memphis," which is its Greek and Latin form. It was one of
the most ancient and important cities of Egypt, and stood a little to
the south of the modern Cairo, on the western bank of the Nile. It was
the capital of Lower Egypt. Among the ruins found at this place is a
colossal statue of Rameses the Great.

See MEMPHIS 02478.


Nophah


Blast, a city of Moab which was occupied by the Amorites Num 21:30.


North Country


A general name for the countries that lay north of Palestine. Most
of the invading armies entered Palestine from the north
Isa 41:25 Jer 1:14-15 50:3,9,41 51:48 Eze 26:7.


Northward


(Heb. tsaphon), a "hidden" or "dark place," as opposed to the sunny
south Deu 3:27 - A Hebrew in speaking of the points of the compass was
considered as always having his face to the east, and hence "the left
hand" Gen 14:15 Job 23:9 - denotes the north. The "kingdoms of the
north" are Chaldea, Assyria, Media, etc.


Nose-jewels


Only mentioned in Isa 3:21 - although refered to in Gen 24:47.
Pro 11:22 Hos 2:13 - They were among the most valued of ancient
female ornaments. They "were made of ivory or metal, and occasionally
jewelled. They were more than an inch in diameter, and hung upon the
mouth. Eliezer gave one to Rebekah which was of gold and weighed half
a shekel...At the present day the women in the country and in the
desert wear these ornaments in one of the sides of the nostrils, which
droop like the ears in consequence."


Numbering of the people


Besides the numbering of the tribes mentioned in the history of the
wanderings in the wilderness, we have an account of a general census of
the whole nation from Dan to Beersheba, which David gave directions to
Joab to make 1Ch 21:1 - Joab very reluctantly began to carry out the
king's command. This act of David in ordering a numbering of the people
arose from pride and a self-glorifying spirit. It indicated a reliance
on his part on an arm of flesh, an estimating of his power not by the
divine favour but by the material resources of his kingdom. He thought
of military achievement and of conquest, and forgot that he was God's
vicegerent. In all this he sinned against God. While Joab was engaged
in the census, David's heart smote him, and he became deeply conscious
of his fault; and in profound humiliation he confessed, "I have sinned
greatly in what I have done." The prophet Gad was sent to him to put
before him three dreadful alternatives 2Sa 24:13 - for "seven years"
in this verse, the LXX. and 1Ch 21:12 - have "three years"), three of
Jehovah's four sore judgments Eze 14:21 - Two of these David had
already experienced. He had fled for some months before Absalom, and
had suffered three years' famine on account of the slaughter of the
Gibeonites. In his "strait" David said, "Let me fall into the hands of
the Lord." A pestilence broke out among the people, and in three days
swept away 70,000 At David's intercession the plague was stayed, and at
the threshing-floor of Araunah (q.v.), where the destroying angel was
arrested in his progress, David erected an altar, and there offered up
sacrifies to God 2Ch 3:1 - The census, so far as completed, showed
that there were at least 1,300,000 fighting men in the kingdom,
indicating at that time a population of about six or seven millions in
all.

See CENSUS 00751.


Numbers, Book of


The fourth of the books of the Pentateuch, called in the Hebrew
be-midbar, i.e., "in the wilderness." In the LXX. version it is called
"Numbers," and this name is now the usual title of the book. It is so
called because it contains a record of the numbering of the people in
the wilderness of Sinai Num 1:1-4:49 - and of their numbering
afterwards on the plain of Moab Num 26:1-2. This book is of special
historical interest as furnishing us with details as to the route of
the Israelites in the wilderness and their principal encampments. It
may be divided into three parts:

1. The numbering of the people at Sinai, and preparations for their
resuming their march Num 1:1-10:10. The sixth chapter gives
an account of the vow of a Nazarite.
2. An account of the journey from Sinai to Moab, the sending out of
the spies and the report they brought back, and the murmurings
(eight times) of the people at the hardships by the way
Num 10:11-21:20|.
3. The transactions in the plain of Moab before crossing the Jordan
Num 21:21-36:13.
The period comprehended in the history extends from the second month
of the second year after the Exodus to the beginning of the eleventh
month of the fortieth year, in all about thirty-eight years and ten
months; a dreary period of wanderings, during which that disobedient
generation all died in the wilderness. They were fewer in number at
the end of their wanderings than when they left the land of Egypt. We
see in this history, on the one hand, the unceasing care of the
Almighty over his chosen people during their wanderings; and, on the
other hand, the murmurings and rebellions by which they offended their
heavenly Protector, drew down repeated marks of his displeasure, and
provoked him to say that they should "not enter into his rest" because
of their unbelief Heb 3:19 - This, like the other books of the
Pentateuch, bears evidence of having been written by Moses. The
expression "the book of the wars of the Lord," occurring in Num 21:14.
has given rise to much discussion. But, after all, "what this book was
is uncertain, whether some writing of Israel not now extant, or some
writing of the Amorites which contained songs and triumphs of their
king Sihon's victories, out of which Moses may cite this testimony, as
Paul sometimes does out of heathen poets" Act 17:28 Tit 1:12.


Nun


Beyond the fact that he was the father of Joshua nothing more is known
of him Exo 33:11.


Nuts


Were among the presents Jacob sent into Egypt for the purpose of
conciliating Joseph Gen 43:11 - This was the fruit of the pistachio
tree, which resembles the sumac. It is of the size of an olive. In
Son 6:11 - a different Hebrew word ('egoz), which means "walnuts," is
used.


Nymphas


Nymph, saluted by Paul in his Epistle to the Colossians as a member of
the church of Laodicea Col 4:15.


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