Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary - K

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Gathering of God, a city in the extreme south of Judah, near to
Idumaea Jos 15:21 - the birthplace of Benaiah, one of David's chief
warriors 2Sa 23:20 1Ch 11:22 - It was called also Jekabzeel
Neh 11:25 - after the Captivity.


The sacred city of the Hittites, on the left bank of the Orontes,
about 4 miles south of the Lake of Homs. It is identified with
the great mound Tell Neby Mendeh, some 50 to 100 feet high, and
400 yards long. On the ruins of the temple of Karnak, in Egypt, has
been found an inscription recording the capture of this city by
Rameses II.
See PHARAOH 02923.
Here the sculptor "has chiselled in deep work on the stone, with a
bold execution of the several parts, the procession of the warriors,
the battle before Kadesh, the storming of the fortress, the overthrow
of the enemy, and the camp life of the Egyptians."

See HITTITES 01794.


Before God; i.e., his servant, one of the Levites who returned with
Zerubbabel from the Captivity Neh 9:4 10:9 12:8.


Orientals, the name of a Canaanitish tribe which inhabited the
north-eastern part of Palestine in the time of Abraham Gen 15:19.
Probably they were identical with the "children of the east," who
inhabited the country between Palestine and the Euphrates.


Bald, the father of Johanan and Jonathan, who for a time were loyal to
Gedaliah, the Babylonian governor of Jerusalem Jer 40:8,13,15,16.


A floor; bottom, a place between Adar and Azmon, about midway between
the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea Jos 15:3.


Foundation, a place in the open desert wastes on the east of Jordan
Jud 8:10 - not far beyond Succoth and Penuel, to the south. Here
Gideon overtook and routed a fugitive band of Midianites under Zeba
and Zalmunna, whom he took captive.


City, a town in the tribe of Zebulun assigned to the Levites of the
family of Merari Jos 21:34 - It is identical with Kattath Jos 19:15.
and perhaps also with Kitron Jud 1:30.


Double city, a town of Naphali, assigned to the Gershonite Levites,
and one of the cities of refuge Jos 21:32 - It was probably near the
north-western shore of the Sea of Tiberias, identical with the ruined
village el-Katanah.


Jos 19:15 - a town of Asher, has been identified with Kana el Jelil.

See CANA 00702.


Dark-skinned, the second son of Ishmael Gen 25:13 - It is the name for
the nomadic tribes of Arabs, the Bedouins generally Isa 21:16 42:11.
Isa 60:7 Jer 2:10 Eze 27:21 - who dwelt in the north-west of Arabia.
They lived in black hair-tents Son 1:5 - To "dwell in the tents of
Kedar" was to be cut off from the worship of the true God
Psa 120:5 - The Kedarites suffered at the hands of Nebuchadnezzar
Jer 49:28-29.


Eastward, the last-named of the sons of Ishmael Gen 25:15.


Beginnings; easternmost, a city of Reuben, assigned to the Levites of
the family of Merari Jos 13:18 - It lay not far north-east of
Dibon-gad, east of the Dead Sea.


The valley, now quite narrow, between the Mount of Olives and Mount
Moriah. The upper part of it is called the Valley of Jehoshaphat. The
LXX., in 1Ki 15:13 - translate "of the cedar." The word means "black,"
and may refer to the colour of the water or the gloom of the ravine,
or the black green of the cedars which grew there. Joh 18:1.
"Cedron," only here in New Testament.

See KIDRON 02187.


Assembly, one of the stations of the Israelites in the desert
Num 33:22,23.


Dwarf, a Levite who assisted Ezra in expounding the law to the people
Neh 8:7 10:10.


Helper of God, or assembly of God.
1. The third son of Nahor Gen 22:21.
2. Son of Shiphtan, appointed on behalf of the tribe of Ephraim to
partition the land of Canaan Num 34:24.
3. A Levite 1Ch 27:17.


Possession, a city of Gilead. It was captured by Nobah, who called it
by his own name Num 32:42 - It has been identified with Kunawat, on the
slopes of Jebel Hauran (Mount Bashan), 60 miles east from the south
end of the Sea of Galilee.


1. One of the sons of Eliphaz, the son of Esau. He became the chief
of an Edomitish tribe Gen 36:11,15,42.
2. Caleb's younger brother, and father of Othniel Jos 15:17 - whose
family was of importance in Israel down to the time of David
1Ch 27:15 - Some think that Othniel Jud 1:13 - and not Kenaz, was
Caleb's brother.
3. Caleb's grandson 1Ch 4:15.


1. The name of a tribe referred to in the covenant God made with
Abraham Gen 15:19 - They are not mentioned among the original
inhabitants of Canaan Exo 3:8 Jos 3:10 - and probably they
inhabited some part of Arabia, in the confines of Syria.
2. A designation given to Caleb (R.V.,) Num 32:12 - A.V., Kenezite.


Mentioned only Eze 13:18,21 - as an article of apparel or ornament
applied to the head of the idolatrous women of Israel. The precise
meaning of the word is uncertain. It appears to have been a long
loose shawl, such as Oriental women wrap themselves in Rut 3:15.
Isa 3:22 - Some think that it was a long veil or head-dress, denoting
by its form the position of those who wore it.


Horn of the face-paint cosmetic-box, the name of Job's third daughter
Job 42:14 - born after prosperity had returned to him.


1. A town in the south of Judah Jos 15:25 - Judas the traitor was
probably a native of this place, and hence his name Iscariot. It
has been identified with the ruins of el-Kureitein, about 10
miles south of Hebron.
See HAZOR 01694.
2. A city of Moab Jer 48:24,41 Amo 2:2.


1. Gen 33:19 - R.V., marg., a Hebrew word, rendered, A.V., pl.
"pieces of money," marg., "lambs;"
2. Jos 24:32 - "pieces of silver;"
3. Job 42:11 - "piece of money"

The kesitah was probably a piece of money of a particular weight, cast
in the form of a lamb. The monuments of Egypt show that such weights
were used.

See PIECES 02950.


A large pot for cooking. The same Hebrew word (dud, "boiling") is
rendered also:
1. "pot" Psa 81:6.
2. "caldron" 2Ch 35:13.
3. "basket" Jer 24:2.

It was used for preparing the peace-offerings 1Sa 2:13,14.


Incense, the wife of Abraham, whom he married probably after Sarah's
death Gen 25:1-6 - by whom he had six sons, whom he sent away into the
east country. Her nationality is unknown. She is styled "Abraham's
concubine" 1Ch 1:32 - Through the offshoots of the Keturah line
Abraham became the "father of many nations."


Cassia, the name of Job's second daughter Job 42:14 - born after
prosperity had returned to him.


Abrupt; cut off, a city of the tribe of Benjamin Jos 18:21.


Two heaps, a city of Ephraim, assigned to the Kohathite Levites, and
appointed as a city of refuge Jos 21:22 - It is also called Jokmeam
1Ch 6:68.


An elegy, a city in the extreme south of Judah Jos 15:22 - It was
probably not far from the Dead Sea, in the Wady Fikreh.


(Heb. sing. parah, i.e., "fruitful"), mentioned in Pharaoh's dream
Gen 41:18 - Here the word denotes "buffaloes," which fed on the
reeds and sedge by the river's brink.

Kingdom of God

1. "Kingdom of God" Mat 6:33 Mar 1:14-15 Luk 4:43.
2. "Kingdom of Christ" Mat 13:41 20:21.
3. "Kingdom of Christ and of God" Eph 5:5.
4. "Kingdom of David" Mar 11:10.
5. "The kingdom" Mat 8:12 13:19.
6. "Kingdom of heaven" Mat 3:2 4:17 13:41.

All denote the same thing under different aspects, viz.:
1. Christ's mediatorial authority, or his rule on the earth;
2. the blessings and advantages of all kinds that flow from this
3. the subjects of this kingdom taken collectively, or the Church.

King's Dale

Mentioned only in Gen 14:17 2Sa 18:18 - the name given to "the
valley of Shaveh," where the king of Sodom met Abram.


Heb. goel, from root meaning to redeem. The goel among the Hebrews was
the nearest male blood relation alive. Certain important obligations
devolved upon him toward his next of kin.
1. If any one from poverty was unable to redeem his inheritance, it
was the duty of the kinsman to redeem it Lev 25:25,28 Ru 3:9,12.
He was also required to redeem his relation who had sold himself
into slavery Lev 25:48,49 - God is the Goel of his people because
he redeems them Exo 6:6 Isa 43:1 41:14 44:6,22 48:20 Psa 103:4.
Job 19:25 - etc.
2. The goel also was the avenger (q.v.) of blood Num 35:21 - in the
case of the murder of the next of kin.


A wall or fortress, a place to which Tiglath-pileser carried the
Syrians captive after he had taken the city of Damascus 2Ki 16:9.
Amo 1:5 9:7 - Isaiah Isa 22:6 - who also was contemporary with these
events, mentions it along with Elam. Some have supposed that Kir is a
variant of Cush (Susiana), on the south of Elam.


Built fortress, a city and fortress of Moab, the modern Kerak, a small
town on the brow of a steep hill about 6 miles from Rabbath-Moab
and 10 miles from the Dead Sea; called also Kir-haresh,
Kir-hareseth, Kir-heres Isa 16:7,11 Jer 48:31,36 - After the death of
Ahab, Mesha, king of Moab
threw off allegiance to the king of Israel, and fought successfully
for the independence of his kingdom. After this Jehoram, king of
Israel, in seeking to regain his supremacy over Moab, entered into an
alliance with Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, and with the king of Edom.
The three kings led their armies against Mesha, who was driven back to
seek refuge in Kir-haraseth. The Moabites were driven to despair.
Mesha then took his eldest son, who would have reigned in his stead,
and offered him as a burnt-offering on the wall of the fortress in the
sight of the allied armies. "There was great indignation against
Israel: and they departed from him, and returned to their own land."
The invaders evacuated the land of Moab, and Mesha achieved the
independence of his country 2Ki 3:20-27.


City, a city belonging to Benjamin Jos 18:28 - the modern Kuriet
el-'Enab, i.e., "city of grapes", about 7 1/2 miles west-north-west
of Jerusalem.


Two cities; a double city.
1. A city of refuge in Naphtali 1Ch 6:76.
2. A town on the east of Jordan Gen 14:5 - It was assigned
to the tribe of Reuben Num 32:37 - In the time of Ezekiel
Eze 25:9 - it was one of the four cities which formed the
"glory of Moab" (comp.) Jer 48:1-23 - It has been identified
with el-Kureiyat, 11 miles south-west of Medeba, on the south
slope of Jebel Attarus, the ancient Ataroth.


City of Arba, the original name of Hebron (q.v.), so called from the
name of its founder, one of the Anakim Gen 23:2 35:27 Jos 15:13 - It
was given to Caleb by Joshua as his portion. The Jews interpret the
name as meaning "the city of the four", i.e., of Abraham, Isaac,
Jacob, and Adam, who were all, as they allege, buried there.


City of streets, Num 22:39 - a Moabite city, which some identify with
Kirjathaim. Balak here received and entertained Balaam, whom he had
invited from Pethor, among the "mountains of the east," beyond the
Euphrates, to lay his ban upon the Israelites, whose progress he had
no hope otherwise of arresting. It was probably from the summit of
Attarus, the high place near the city, that the soothsayer first saw
the encampments of Israel.


City of the sannah; i.e., of the palm(?), Jos 15:49 - the same as
Kirjath-sepher Jos 15:16 Jud 1:11 - and Debir (q.v.), a Canaanitish
royal city included in Judah Jos 10:38 15:49 - and probably the chief
seat of learning among the Hittites. It was about 12 miles to the
south-west of Hebron.


City of books, Jos 15:15 - same as Kirjath-sannah (q.v.), now
represented by the valley of ed-Dhaberiyeh, south-west of Hebron. The
name of this town is an evidence that the Canaanites were acquainted
with writing and books. "The town probably contained a noted school,
or was the site of an oracle and the residence of some learned
priest." The "books" were probably engraved stones or bricks.

Kir of Moab

Isa 15:1 - The two strongholds of Moab were Ar and Kir, which latter is
probably the Kir-haraseth Isa 16:7 - following.


A bow.
1. A Levite of the family of Merari 1Ch 23:21 24:29.
2. A Benjamite of Jerusalem 1Ch 8:30 9:36.
3. A Levite in the time of Hezekiah 2Ch 29:12.
4. The great-grandfather of Mordecai Est 2:5.
5. A Benjamite, the son of Abiel, and father of king Saul
1Sa 9:1,3 10:11,21 14:51 2Sa 21:14 - All that is recorded of
him is that he sent his son Saul in search of his asses that had
strayed, and that he was buried in Zelah. Called Cis,
Act 13:21 - (R.V., Kish).


Hardness, a city of Issachar assigned to the Gershonite Levites
Jos 19:20 - the same as Kishon Jos 21:28.


1. Of affection Gen 27:26-27 29:13 Luk 7:38,45.
2. reconciliation Gen 33:4 2Sa 14:33.
3. leave-taking Gen 31:28,55 Ru 1:14 2Sa 19:39.
4. homage Psa 2:12 1Sa 10:1.
5. spoken of as between parents and children Gen 27:26 31:28,55.
Gen 48:10 50:1 Ex 18:7 Ru 1:9,14.
6. between male relatives Gen 29:13 33:4 45:15.
7. It accompanied social worship as a symbol of brotherly love
Rom 16:16 1Co 16:20 2Co 13:12 1Th 5:26 1Pe 5:14.
8. The worship of idols was by kissing the image or the hand toward
the image 1Ki 19:18 Hos 13:2.


An unclean and keen-sighted bird of prey Lev 11:14 Deu 14:13 - The Hebrew
word used, - 'ayet -, is rendered "vulture" in Job 28:7 - in Authorized
Version, "falcon" in Revised Version. It is probably the red kite
(Milvus regalis), a bird of piercing sight and of soaring habits
found all over Palestine.


A man's wall, a town in the plain of Judah Jos 15:40 - It has been
identified with Jelameh.


Knotty, a city of Zebulun Jud 1:30 - called also Kattath Jos 19:15.
supposed to be "Cana of Galilee."


Gen 10:4.

See CHITTIM 00811.


To prepare dough in the process of baking Gen 18:6 1Sa 28:24 Hos 7:4.


The vessel in which the dough, after being mixed and leavened, was
left to swell or ferment Exo 8:3 12:34 - "store" Deu 28:5,7 - The dough
in the vessels at the time of the Exodus was still unleavened, because
the people were compelled to withdraw in haste.


1. Heb. hereb, "the waster,"
a. A sharp instrument for circumcision Jos 5:2-3 - lit. "knives
of flint;" comp. Exo 4:25.
b. A razor Eze 5:1.
c. A graving tool Exo 20:25.
d. An axe Eze 26:9.
2. Heb. maakeleth, a large knife for slaughtering and cutting up
food Gen 22:6,10 Pr 30:14.
3. Heb. sakkin, a knife for any purpose, a table knife Pro 23:2.
4. Heb. mahalaph, a butcher's knife for slaughtering the victims
offered in sacrifice Ezr 1:9.
5. Smaller knives (Heb. ta'ar,) Jer 36:23 - were used for sharpening
pens. The pruning-knives mentioned in Isa 18:5 - (Heb. mizmaroth)
were probably curved knives.


Some architectural ornament.
1. Heb. kaphtor Exo 25:31-36 - occurring in the description of the
candlestick. It was an ornamental swell beneath the cups of the
candlestick, probably an imitation of the fruit of the almond.
2. Heb. peka'im, found only in 1Ki 6:18 7:24 - an ornament
resembling a small gourd or an egg, on the cedar wainscot in the
temple and on the castings on the brim of the brazen sea.


He-camel, occurs only in Eze 23:23 - some province or place in the
Babylonian empire, used in this passage along with Shoa (q.v.).


Assembly, the second son of Levi, and father of Amram Gen 46:11 - He
came down to Egypt with Jacob, and lived to the age of one hundred
and thirty-three years Exo 6:18.


The descendants of Kohath. They formed the first of the three
divisions of the Levites Exo 6:16,18 Num 3:17 - In the journeyings of
the Israelites they had the charge of the most holy portion of the
vessels of the tabernacle, including the ark Num 4:1 - Their place
in the marching and encampment was south of the tabernacle
Num 3:29,31 - Their numbers at different times are specified
Num 3:28 4:36 26:57,62 - Samuel was of this division.


That portion of the Kohathites that descended from Korah.

1. They were an important branch of the singers of the Kohathite
division 2Ch 20:19 - There are eleven psalms (42-49, 84, 85,
87, 88) dedicated to the sons of Korah.
2. Some of the sons of Korah also were "porters" of the temple
1Ch 9:17-19 - one of them was over "things that were made in
the pans" 1Ch 9:31 - i.e., the baking in pans for the
meat-offering Lev 2:5.


1. A Levite and temple-warder of the Korahites, the son of Asaph.
He was father of Shallum and Meshelemiah, temple-porters
1Ch 9:19 26:1.
2. A Levitical porter at the east gate of the temple 2Ch 31:14.
3. In 1Ch 26:19 - the word should be "Korahites," as in the Revised


A Levitical family descended from Korah Exo 6:24 1Ch 12:6 26:1.
2Ch 20:19.


1. A descendant of Judah. 1Ch 4:8 - "Coz;" R.V., "Hakkoz."
2. A priest, the head of the seventh division of the priests
Ezr 2:61 Neh 3:4,21 7:63 - In 1Ch 24:10 - the word has the
article prefixed, and it is taken as a part of the word

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