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ENCAMPMENT AT SINAI


  • Date. Taking the hints that have already been dropped, it is Easy to determine the date of the beginning of the encampment at the Mount of God:
    • It was (130 + 105 + 90 + 70 + 65 + 162 + 65 + 187 + 182 = 1056) one thousand and fifty-six years from the creation of Adam to the birth of Noah (Genesis 5:3-29).
    • It was (500 + 102 = 602) six hundred and two years from the birth of Noah to the birth of Arphaxad (Genesis 5:32; 7:6; 11:10).
    • It was (35 + 30 + 34 + 30 + 32 + 30 + 29 = 220) two hundred and twenty years from the birth of Arphaxad to the birth of Terah (Genesis 11:12-24).
    • It was (130) one hundred and thirty years from the birth of Terah to the birth of Abram (Genesis 11:26,32; 12:1-4; Acts 7:1-4).
    • It was (100) one hundred years from the birth of Abram to the birth of Isaac (Genesis 21:5).
    • It was (60) sixty years from the birth of Isaac to the birth of Jacob (Genesis 25:26).
    • It was (91) ninety-one years from the birth of Jacob to the birth of Joseph (Genesis 41:46,53-54; 45:4-6; 47:1-9).
    • It was (110) one hundred and ten years from the birth of Joseph to his death (Genesis 50:26).
    • It was (64) sixty-four years from the death of Joseph to the birth of Moses (Genesis 12:1-4; 21:5; 25:26; 41:46,53-54; 45:4-6; <47:9; 50:26; Exodus 7:7; 12:40-41; Galatians 3:17<).
    • It was (80) eighty years from the birth of Moses to the exodus (Exodus 2:1-10; 7:7; 12:36-41).
    • It was (48) forty-eight days from the exodus to the encampment at Mount Sinai (Exodus 12:37-41; 16:1; 19:1; Numbers 33:3). (1056 + 602 + 220 + 130 + 100 + 60 + 91 + 110 + 64 + 80 + 48 days = 2513 years and 48 days).

    It was therefore two thousand five hundred thirteen years and forty-eight days from the creation of Adam to the encampment at Mount Sinai.

  • Maturity of Gods Purpose'. At Mount Sinai, God's purpose began To take definite form. Moses went into the mountain, learned the will Of God, returned and informed the people that the Lord had declared if They would obey his voice indeed and keep his covenant, they should be A peculiar treasure to Him, a kingdom of priests and a holy nation; and The people answered with one voice, "All that the Lord hath spoken we Will do" (Exodus 19:1-8). Owing to the frailty of the human race it took twenty-five centuries to bring revelation up to this point of Perfection. Keep in mind that the purpose of revelation is primarily to Reveal God to man, and to make man understand his necessities. The only Way to account for the long delay, therefore, is on the ground of man's Weakness and want of interest brought about by sin. God's purpose had Gradually been unfolded from the time of transgression. In passing Sentence upon the serpent, He intimated his purpose to bruise the head Of the serpent by the seed of the woman (Genesis 3:14-15). Take this sentence apart from its connection and how deep, how dark, how Impenetrable it appears, and yet for two thousand years it was the only Anchor of the drifting souls of the sons of men! However, taking it in Connection with the thought of God's purpose, we can see the light Where millions found only inexplicable mystery. Note,
    • the seed of the serpent are evildoers (Matthew 3:7; 12:34);
    • the seed of the woman is Christ (Isaiah 7:14; Galatians 4:4);
    • bruising the head of the serpent refers to the triumphs of Christ and his people (John 16:11; Romans 16:20; Hebrews 2:14; 1 John 3:8);
    • bruising the heel of the seed of the woman refers to the brief triumph of Satan, sin and death (Romans 1:4; Revelation 1:17-18).

    The first promise of the Redeemer was made to Abram (Genesis 12:1-3; Acts 3:25-26; Galatians 3:8,16). This confined the development of God's purpose to an individual. God also promised to make of Abraham a great nation, And in order to do this He promise him a son by his wife Sarah, and an Innumerable posterity (Genesis 15:1-13). In order to the maintenance and perpetuity of this nation He promised Abraham a country, set its bounds (Genesis 15:18-21), and gave him circumcision as the national mark of distinction (Genesis 17:1-14). From Abraham forward therefore, these people became the repositories of the oracles of God (Romans 3:1-2). The promises were renewed to Abraham on Mount Moriah (Genesis 22:1-18), to Isaac at Gerar (Genesis 26:1-6), to Jacob at Bethel (Genesis 28:10-19; Lord spoke to Jacob at Beersheba (Genesis 46:1-4), but at Mount Sinai He spoke to the whole nation (Exodus 19:1-25; 20:1-22).

  • Educating the Nation. The education of the Hebrews began when Abraham became a wanderer from his father's house (Genesis 11:31; 12:1-4; 14:13). It was carried on in the school of adversity in the land of Egypt (Genesis 15:8-16; Exodus 1:1-22), and it was consummated at Mount Sinai when the Lord spoke in the hearing of all the people (Deuteronomy 5:1-22).
  • Earlier History Clarified. Viewed in the light of the Revelations at Mount Sinai, many things in the previous history of the Human race became much clearer. The brevity of the biography of many Individuals is clearly accounted for in the fact that the individuals Themselves were secondary considerations. Seth, Enos, Noah, Shem, Abram, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, and Moses were made prominent largely Because of God's purpose concerning the human race. On this account Ishmael and Esau occupied subordinate places (Genesis 16:1-15; 21:1-12; 27:1-29; Romans 9:7-13).


ENSLAVEMENT, THE


  • The Date. The exact period at which the Hebrews became slaves In Egypt cannot be determined with any degree of accuracy; however, we Know that it was after the death of Joseph (Exodus 1:5-14).
    • The death of Joseph was two hundred eighty-six years after Abram's entrance into Canaan. (25 + 60 + 91 + 110 = 286) (Genesis 12:4-5; 21:5; 25:26; 41:46,53-54; 45:4-6; 47:9; 50:26).
    • Subtracting this from the entire time of the "sojourn" (Exodus 12:40-41; Galatians 3:17), we have the result one hundred forty-four years. (430-286 = 144).

    It is probable that these figures represented more than the actual time of their servitude.

  • Its Bitterness. Their servitude was unparalleled for bitterness And exaction (Exodus 1:9-14). In addition to hard and unrequited labor, the heartless ruler published an edict that all of the male children Should be destroyed at birth, and inaugurated vigorous methods to carry It out (Exodus 1:15-22).
  • Birth of Moses. He was born a slave sixty-four years after the Death of Joseph (Genesis 12:4-5; 21:5; 25:26; 41:46,53-54; 45:4-6; 47:9; 50:36; Exodus 7:7; 12:40-41; Galatians 3:17). His mother concealed him for a time from the cruel emissaries of the king. Finally she placed him in an ark of Bulrushes by the river's brink, and he was discovered, adopted, and Educated by the daughter of Pharaoh (Exodus 2:1-10; Acts 7:17-22).


ESAU AND JACOB


Isaac's wife Rebekah was barren, and he entreated the Lord in her Behalf, and as a result she conceived (Genesis 25:21). Before they were born, the Lord selected Jacob as Isaac's successor in the Abrahamic Promises (Genesis 25:21-23; Romans 9:9-12). Jacob subsequently,

  • purchased the birthright of Esau (Genesis 25:24-34)
  • and also cheated him out of the patriarchal blessing (Genesis 27:1-40).
Jacob was sent away to Haran (Genesis 27:41-28:7). On this journey the two great promises were renewed to him (Genesis 13:1-3; 28:10-15). Esau settled in Mount Seir (Genesis 36:8; Deuteronomy 2:1-5). Jacob remained in Padanaram twenty years (Genesis 29:1-15; 31:36-41), and then returned to Canaan (Genesis 31:1-55; 35:27). Jacob was the father of the twelve patriarchs (Genesis 35:21-26; Acts 7:8).


EVENTS OF THE ENCAMPMENT


The important events at the encampment at Mount Sinai were:

  • The people entered into a covenant with the Lord (Exodus 19:1-8).
  • The people and priests were sanctified (Exodus 19:9-25).
  • The ten commandments were proclaimed (Exodus 19:1-25; 20:1-17; Deuteronomy 5:1-22).
  • The people were greatly frightened by the voice of the Lord and Requested Moses to speak to them (Exodus 20:18-21).
  • Moses, accompanied part of the way by Joshua and others, retired Into the mountain, where he spent forty days and nights with the Lord (Exodus 24:1-2,9-18).
  • Moses received the pattern for the Tabernacle (Exodus 25:1-40).
  • Moses was commanded to set Aaron and his sons apart for the Priestly office (Exodus 28:1).
  • Bezaleel and Aholiab were called upon to take the lead in the Construction of the house of the Lord (Exodus 31:1-6).
  • The Lord gave Moses two tables of stone with the ten Commandments written upon them (Exodus 31:18).
  • The people, led by Aaron, fell into idolatry (Exodus 32:1-6).
  • Moses pleaded in their behalf but broke the tables of stone as He descended from the mountain (Exodus 32:7-24).
  • The Levites showed their devotion to the cause of the Lord (Exodus 32:25-35).
  • Moses had a glimpse of the glory of God (Exodus 33:12-23).
  • The tables of stone were renewed (Exodus 34:1-28).
  • Moses returned from the mountain, erected an altar and Sacrifices were offered upon it (Exodus 24:3-5; 35:29-35).
  • The people again entered into a covenant with the Lord (Exodus 24:7,8; Hebrews 9:18-21).
  • Moses called upon the people for a freewill offering of Material for the construction of the Tabernacle (Exodus 35:1-29).
  • The people gave with such liberality that it was necessary to Restrain them (Exodus 36:1-7).
  • The Tabernacle was set up (Exodus 40:1-38).
  • Aaron and his sons were consecrated and fire descended upon the Brazen altar (Leviticus 8:1-36; 9:1-24).
  • Nadab and Abihu were slain for desecrating the worship of God (Leviticus 10:1-2).
  • The Levites were consecrated (Numbers 8:1-26).
  • The second Passover was observed (Numbers 9:1-15).
  • The order of the encampment was regulated (Numbers 2:1-34).
  • The princes made their offerings (Numbers 7:1-9<).
  • The people were numbered (Numbers 1:1-46).


EXODUS, THE


  • The Flight of Moses to Midian. Moses made the first effort to Emancipate his enslaved brethren. At the age of forty he forsook the Court of Pharaoh and attempted to ally himself with the chosen people (Exodus 2:11-12; Acts 7:22-25; Hebrews 11:23-27). His brethren understood him not; his efforts on their behalf were futile, and he was compelled to flee For Midian for his life (Exodus 2:11-15).
  • Sojourn in Midian. Moses spent forty years in Midian (Acts 7:29,30). He married Zipporah, the daughter of Jethro, a descendant of Abraham by his wife Keturah (Genesis 25:1-3; Exodus 2:16-25), and became the father of two sons (Exodus 2:22; 4:20; 18:1-4).
  • Moses Commission'. While in the land of Midian, Moses led the Quiet and peaceful life of a shepherd (Exodus 3:1). The angel of the Lord appeared to him in the burning bush and commanded him to return to Egypt and lead his brethren out of their bitter bondage (Exodus 3:2-10; Acts 7:30-35). Moses declined to go because of
    • his insignificance, (Exodus 3:11,12),
    • the fear that his brethren would not believe him (Exodus 4:1),
    • and his inability to speak with fluency (Exodus 4:10-12).
  • Aaron Chosen. The Lord met every objection urged by Moses, but Still he persisted in his desire to shrink from the task (Exodus 3:2-22; 4:1-13). Aaron was therefore selected to assist him and to be the Spokesman (Exodus 4:14-16).
  • The Return to Egypt. Moses departed from Midian, taking his wife And two sons with him. On the way the Lord met him and was about to Take his life, but this calamity was averted by Zipporah, who took a Sharp stone and circumcised her son (Exodus 4:18-26).
  • Brothers Meet. Moses and Aaron met at the mount of God. After an Affectionate greeting Moses communicated to him the word of the Lord And showed him the signs that had been given him (Exodus 4:27-28).
  • Arrival in Egypt. They arrived in Egypt and informed the elders Of Israel of the revelation from God, and the people believed and bowed Their heads in worship (Exodus 4:30-31).
  • Demand on Pharaoh. Moses and Aaron approached the king and in The name of God demanded the release of his children. Pharaoh Insolently and rebelliously refused the request, and the great contest Between the King of Heaven and the mighty earthly potentate began (Exodus 5:1-6).
  • Ten Plagues. The Lord plagued the Egyptians in order to multiply His signs and wonders, and that they might known that He is God (Exodus 7:1-5). The first nine plagues were
    • the waters turned to blood (Exodus 7:15-25),
    • frogs filled the land (Exodus 8:1-14),
    • lice afflicted people and beasts (Exodus 8:16-19),
    • flies filled the land (Exodus 8:20-24),
    • murrain destroyed the cattle (Exodus 9:1-7),
    • people afflicted with boils and blains (Exodus 9:8-14),
    • hail smote the growing crops (Exodus 9:13-35),
    • locusts filled the land (Exodus 10:13-15),
    • and darkness covered Egypt (Exodus 10:21-23).
  • Special Command to Moses. The Lord commanded Moses to tell the People to borrow of their Egyptian neighbors jewels of silver and gold (Exodus 11:1-2). The justice of this command can be seen in the fact that they had served the Egyptians many years without remuneration (Exodus 1:6-14; 5:1-19).
  • Harmony of Exodus 9:6,19,25. It is asserted that all the cattle of Egypt died. But is is plain that only the cattle died that remained (Exodus 9:3) in the field during the murrain. The cattle that were destroyed by the hail-storm were those that were saved from the murrain (Exodus 9:17-25).
  • Explanation of Exodus 9:16; Romans 9:17. The Egyptians were idolaters (Exodus 5:1-3; 9:30; 14:18). Pharaoh was "raised up" in order that God might manifest His power and glory. "Raised up" has no Reference to his birth or his elevation to the throne of Egypt. It Means "roused up" or "made to stand." When Moses and Aaron demanded the Release of the Hebrews he wickedly, rebelliously, and insolently denied The true God and refused to let them go (Exodus 5:1-3). He had already made himself a vessel of wrath fitted for destruction (Romans 9:22). God listened to the cries of his people and endured for a while this vessel fitted for destruction, and at last, when the time Came, unloosed the burning fires of judgment, roused Pharaoh up from His infidelity, and proclaimed his name throughout Egypt, and in the Ears of Israel (Exodus 7:5; 14:17-18,31).
  • The Passover. The Lord commanded Moses to speak unto the Children of Israel and command them to select a lamb for each household On the tenth day of the month, assuring them that this should be to Them the first month of the year (Exodus 12:1-5). They were to keep the lamb until the fourteenth day of the month and kill it at the going Down of the sun. They were to strike the posts of the doors of their Dwellings with the blood. They were to roast the flesh and eat it in Haste, with bitter herbs and unleavened bread (Exodus 12:6-20). On that night the Lord passed through the land and smote the firstborn of Man and beast (Exodus 12:21-29).
  • The Emancipation Proclamation. When Pharaoh heard the mighty Cry he called for Moses and Aaron and gave them permission to depart And take their property with them (Exodus 12:30-33).
  • The Departure. The children of Israel departed from Rameses 2513 Years after the creation of Adam (Genesis 5:3-32; 7:6; 11:10-32; 12:4-5; 21:5; 25:26; 41:46, 53-54; 45:4-6; 47:9; 50:26; Exodus 7:7; 12:40-41; Galatians 3:17). There were six hundred thousand men. Allowing one woman to each man, And two children to each family, the population was at least two Million four hundred thousand (Exodus 12:37).
  • Sanctification of the Firstborn. In memory of the preservation Of the children of Israel during the last night in Egypt, the Lord took Unto himself the first born of man and beast (Exodus 13:1-16).
  • The Precious Burden. The triumphant host of Israel carried the Remains of their great benefactor Joseph with them (Genesis 50:24-26; Exodus 13:19).
  • The Great Leader. As they departed from Egypt the Lord went Before them in a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night (Exodus 13:20-22).
  • At the Red Sea. Moses and his mighty host encamped by the Red Sea. Pharaoh and his army drew near. The people were afraid, but Moses Commanded them to stand still and see the salvation of the Lord, Assuring them that they would see the Egyptians no more, for the Lord Would fight for them, and they should hold their peace (Exodus 14:1-18). The angel of the Lord took his position between the two camps, Appearing as darkness to the Egyptians and light to the children of God. The Lord opened the sea, and the children of Israel went forward On dry ground, but the Egyptians following were drowned (Exodus 14:19-31).
  • Apostolic Endorsement. This mighty historical event was Endorsed by the apostle Paul (1 Corinthians 10:1-12).
  • Salvation of Israel.
    • The Lord saved the children of Israel by opening up the way for them;
    • and they saved themselves by using the means placed within their reach; God opened the way, and they passed through!


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