Condensed Bible Encyclopedia - A



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ABRAM


  • Birth. He was born in Ur of the Chaldees, and was a direct Descendant of Shem (Genesis 11:10-32).
  • Date. There is a difficulty in the chronology at this point. Compare Genesis 11:26,32; 12:4-5; Acts 7:1-4. My solution of this question is the only one that will harmonize with all the facts and dates presented In the book of Genesis. When you reflect that it was customary in Those ages, in the development of God's plan, to displace the elder With the younger, the matter becomes plainer. This was so with
    • Cain and Abel (Genesis 4:1-7,25).
    • Isaac and Ishmael (Genesis 16:1,2,16; 17:18-21; 21:1-5).
    • Jacob and Esau (Genesis 25:19-26).
    • Ephraim and Manasseh (Genesis 48:14-19).

    Abram was the youngest, for he was only seventy-five years old when his Father died (Genesis 11:32; 12:4; Acts 7:1-5). Therefore Genesis 11:26; that Terah was seventy years old when his first son was born; and from Other considerations enumerated above, he was about one hundred thirty Years when Abram was born. Sarah was Abram's half-sister (Genesis 20:12), doubtless born of Terah's second marriage. There was only a difference Of ten years in their ages (Genesis 17:17). If Abram has been Terah's firstborn, he would have been one hundred thirty-five when Terah died, And it would be necessary to to change the figures in reference to Sarah and make her one hundred twenty-five at this time! Further, it Is stated that Abram had been eleven years in Canaan when Ishmael was Born (Genesis 16:1-16). This would have made Sarah (125 + 11 = 136) one hundred thirty-six at Ishmael's birth. Isaac was born fourteen years After Ishmael (Genesis 16:16; 21:1-5), hence this would have given Isaac no chance to have been born, for Sarah only lived one hundred Twenty-seven years (Genesis 23:1)! We therefore conclude that Abram was born two thousand eight years after the creation of Adam (Genesis 5:3-32; 7:6,11; 11:1-26).

  • His Call. The Lord first spoke to him in Ur of Chaldees (Genesis 12:1; Acts 7:1-5).
  • The Promises. God gave him two great promises,
    • that he would make of him a great nation, bless him, make his name great, make him a blessing, bless those who blessed him, and curse those who cursed him;
    • that in him should all families of the earth be blessed (Genesis 12:1-3).

    These promises were subsequently renewed on Mount Moriah (Genesis 22:1-18). These promises were subsequently fulfilled in,

    • the covenant dedicated at Mount Sinai (Exodus 24:1-8),
    • the new covenant (Galatians 4:22-31).


ANTEDILUVIAN CHRONOLOGY


Everything dates from the creation of Adam. Beyond him all is Wrapped in dark and impenetrable mystery. In order to determine the Length of time from Adam's creation to the flood we have only to add The ages of the antediluvian patriarchs--Adam, Seth, Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, Noah--at the births of Their first sons, and add to this the age of Shem at the flood, and we Find that it was 1656 years (Genesis 5:3-32; Genesis 7:6).



APOSTASY, THE


  • Its Cause. The marriage of the sons of God and the daughters of Men (Genesis 6:1-2).
  • Its Effect on the Human Race. Men forgot God and became giants In wickedness (Genesis 6:3-4).
  • Its Effect on the Creator. "And the LORD repented that he had Made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart" (Genesis 6:6). The word "repent" always describes a change in something. There is a sense In which God cannot change (Matthew 3:9; James 1:17). He is always God, omnipotent and eternal. There is a sense in which He changes His Purposes toward us, otherwise forgiveness would be impossible (Jeremiah 31:34; Hebrews 8:12). God has declared that the soul that sins shall die (Ezekiel 18:4), but the sinner who turns from his sins and obeys the Lord, has the promise of salvation (2 Peter 3:9). God therefore changes His purposes toward men, but He is always God!


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