American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Y



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YEAR

The Hebrews always had years of twelve months. But at the beginning,
as some suppose, they were solar years of twelve months, each month
having thirty days, excepting the twelfth, which had thirty-five days.
We see, by the enumeration of the days of the deluge, Ge 7:1-8:22,
that the original year consisted of three hundred and sixtyfive days.
It is supposed that they had an intercalary month at the end of one
hundred and twenty years, at which time the beginning of their year
would be out of its place full thirty days. Subsequently, however, and
throughout the history of the Jews, the year was wholly lunar, having
alternately a full month of thirty days, and a defective month of
twenty-nine days, thus completing their year in three hundred and
fifty-four days. To accommodate this lunar year to the solar year,
(365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 47.7 seconds), or the period of
the revolution of the earth around the sun, and to the return of the
seasons, they added a whole month after Adar, usually once in three
years. This intercalary month they call Ve-adar. See MONTH.


The ancient Hebrews appear to have had no formal and established era,
but to have dated from the most memorable events in their history; as
from the exodus out of Egypt, Ex 19:1 Nu 33:38 1Ki 6:1; from the
erection of Solomon's temple, 1Ki 8:1 9:10; and from the Babylonish
captivity, Eze 33:21 40:1. See SABBATICAL YEAR, and JUBILEE.


The phrase, "from two years old and under," Mt 2:16, that is, "from a
child of two years and under," is thought by some to include all the
male children who had not entered their second year; and by others,
all who were near the beginning of their second year, within a few
months before or after. The cardinal and ordinal numbers are often
used indiscriminately. Thus in Ge 7:6,11, Noah is six hundred years
old, and soon after in his six hundredth year; Christ rose from the
dead "three days after," Mt 27:63, and "on the third day," Mt 16:21;
circumcision took place when the child was "eight days old," Ge 17:11,
and "on the eighth day," Le 12:3. Compare Lu 1:59 2:21. Many slight
discrepancies in chronology may be thus accounted for.


YESTERDAY AND TODAY

In Heb 13:8, are used in a general sense for time past and present.
Christ is eternally the same. The life and knowledge of man are
comparatively only "of yesterday," Job 8:9.


YOKE

A symbol of subjection and servitude, 1Ki 12:4; an iron yoke, of
severe oppression, De 28:48. The ceremonial law was a yoke, a
burden-some restriction, Ac 15:10 Ga 5:1. The withdrawing or breaking
of a yoke denoted a temporary or an unlimited emancipation form
bondage, Isa 58:6 Jer 2:20, and sometimes the disowning of rightful
authority, Jer 5:5. The iron yoke imposed by our sins, none but God
can remove, La 1:14; but the yoke of Christ's service is easy and
light, Mt 11:29,30.


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