Noah's Ark and the Genesis Flood Part 2
Copyright 1994 - 2017 Bill's Bible Basics

Authored By  :
Bill Kochman

Published On :
April 22, 1997

Last Updated :
April 8, 2009

God's Word Never Contradicts Itself, Ark Anchors On Ararat,
Mountain Tops Are Revealed As The Global Water Level Recedes,
Formation Of Mount Everest, Continental Drift, Mount Everest
And Volcano Theories Are Flawed, Limestone And Marine Fossils
On The Summits, Where Did All The Flood Water Go, What If The
Polar Ice Caps Melt Again? Global Warming And Kyoto Protocol,
1950 NATO Ark Images, Ron Wyatt And The Durupinaral Dig Site,
Bill Fry And Anchor Stone International Archeological Work,
The Genesis Apocryphon, Book Of Jubilees And The Sefer Noah,
Armenia, Mount Lubar, Elbruz And Mount Elbrus, Conclusions

If there is one that I have always taught, it is that God's
Word never contradicts itself. One verse will be further
explained by another verse, or another set of verses, either
in the same chapter, the same book, or in another book. If
there is ever any seeming contradiction, it is more than
likely in our own understanding of what is being said.

Well, if the Ark didn't literally sit upon the solid ground
in the seventh month, when did it occur? The previous verses
make it clear that the tops of the mountains were not seen
until the tenth month. That is where we find our answer. It
seems then that once the waters had been calmed, God caused
the Ark to remain in a more or less stationary position over
the mountains of Ararat, while the waters continued to recede
for a few months; that is, some seventy to seventy-five days
to be precise. It was only then that the Ark actually became
physically anchored on the mountains of Ararat. However, even
then, it still required about another seventy-five days for
the waters to completely recede to the level where the Lord
wanted them to be.

Genesis 8:5 clearly tells us that the tops of the mountains
were first seen on the first day of the tenth month. You will
recall that I mentioned to you earlier that the words "tops"
and "mountains" are both plural. Nowhere does Genesis state
that only the top of one mountain, or that only the mountains
of Ararat were exposed at that time. To reiterate my point,
common sense dictates that if the water level receded more or
less evenly all around the world, as it more than likely did
due to the force of gravity, then depending on the elevation
of the mountains which existed at that time, some would
appear simultaneously, and some would appear before others,
or after others, all around the world.

What about Mount Everest? Did its summit likewise appear as
the flood waters receded from the face of the Earth? My view
is that it probably did not. In order to understand why I am
stating this, we need to ask ourselves a question, and that
is this: At what exact point in Biblical and geological time
was Mount Everest formed? Was it created when the Lord first
raised the dry land from the global ocean in Genesis chapter
one? Or did it result from the Earth being broken open during
the time of the Flood approximately one thousand, six hundred
and fifty years after Creation Week? Is it even possible that
Mount Everest did not make its appearance until some point
after the time of Peleg? I suspect that the final possibility
may be the correct one, and that it is possible that Mount
Everest did not form until many centuries after the Genesis
Flood, and many centuries after the people were divided by
language at Babel.

As you may already realize, according to scientific opinion,
Mount Everest, like the rest of the Himalayan mountain range,
is believed to have risen from the floor of the ancient Tethys
Sea, when the Eurasian continental plate, fueled by what is
known as continental drift, collided with what we refer to as
the Indian subcontinental plate. This collision of these two
great land masses resulted in a severe buckling of the Earth's
crust, which led to the formation of the Himalayas. The fact
that a portion of Mount Everest is comprised of limestone and
dolomite, as well as the fact that fossils of ancient marine
animals, such as trilobites, have been found at its summit,
also appear to confirm this theory.

This ties in directly with our earlier discussion regarding
the supercontinent known as Pangaea, and its division into
two smaller land masses known as Laurasia and Gondwanaland.
The latter two eventually resulted in seven land masses, and
the Indian subcontinent fits right into this scheme. We need
to realize that continental drift is an extremely slow, and
basically unobservable geological process. In other words, we
can't look out our window and see entire continents drifting,
or bumping into each other. If we could, we would be in very
serious trouble, and I wouldn't even be sitting here writing
this article!

So my primary point is this: If the supercontinent, Pangaea,
was broken up into smaller sections during the Genesis Flood,
or even centuries later after the days of Peleg; and if the
process of continental drift took hundreds of years or longer
before the Indian subcontinent violently collided with the
Eurasian continent to form the Himalayan mountain range, then
Mount Everest could not possibly have existed at the time of
the Genesis Flood. This clearly demonstrates that Noah's Ark
could not have anchored itself to the summit of Everest; and
therefore, the aforementioned user's claim is utterly false,
and in fact quite ludicrous. The second user's claim about
the volcano, which, according to him, did not exist at the
time of the Flood, is also a moot point; because nowhere in
the Book of Genesis does it state that the Ark landed on the
highest peak; that is, on said volcano. As we've already seen,
Genesis clearly uses the plural form, and informs us that the
Ark landed on the "mountains of Ararat", indicating that more
than one mountain top was exposed as the flood waters began
to recede.

On the other hand, even if Mount Everest was formed when God
first brought forth the dry land from the global ocean in the
first chapter of Genesis, it is still a moot point, because
again, the Bible clearly states that the Ark settled on the
"mountains of Ararat", and not on the Himalayan mountains. As
a side note it may interest you to know that the elevation of
Mount Everest continues to rise a few millimeters every year
due to the geological forces which were set in motion by God
Himself so many millennia ago.

Some people have wondered how it is that limestone layers
containing the fossilized remains of marine life, have been
found in some of the highest mountain ranges of the world,
far away from any sea or ocean. The answer becomes rather
easy and clear, once one accepts the Genesis account of a
Global Flood. In similar fashion, it is the Global Flood,
clearly described in the opening chapters of the Holy Bible,
which convincingly explains the presence of complete frozen
specimens in the frigid lands of Siberia and elsewhere. Only
a flood of global proportions, followed by a sudden drop in
temperature, can explain how mastadons and the like could
have been so carefully and quickly preserved in the ice,
before they had a chance to completely decay and return to
their most basic elements. In His Divine Wisdom, is God
trying to send doubting humanity a message?

Earlier, we read how God sent a wind to pass over the Earth.
We know that God somehow used this wind to cause the flood
waters to recede; but have you personally ever given it much
thought? We already answered the question "Where did all of
that rain come from?", but have you ever considered where it
all went afterwards? Obviously, a large portion of the water
was used to fill the post-deluvial rivers, streams, lakes,
seas and oceans. A certain percentage was also absorbed by
the Earth, and now forms subterranean rivers and seas. But
do these various places account for all of the rain which
fell during those forty days and forty nights? I honestly
cannot say; however, another rather interesting, and I dare
say, challenging thought, has occurred to me as well. Is it
possible that when the Lord sent that wind, that it actually
blew the flood waters away from the equatorial regions of
the Earth, and towards the poles, where it quickly froze? It
is a scientific fact that the Earth's polar ice caps are
miles thick. That is a lot of frozen water. So the question
arises, "Where did it all come from?".

A closely-related question is this: "Where would all of that
water go if it were to melt again? As you may know, one of
the current concerns of a growing number of world scientists,
is that Global Warming is already causing polar ice shelves,
as well as some glaciers, to thaw. I was reading recently
were it was said that the permafrost in Alaska, and possibly
in Siberia as well, has already begun to melt. These men of
science fear that if Global Warming continues, (and they say
that it will), in the coming decades, we will see a certain
degree of coastal flooding, and some low-lying islands will
more than likely disappear as well. Not only that, but an
increase in coastal flooding will obviously lead to serious
coastal erosion.

It is for this very reason that the international agreement
known as the Kyoto Protocol, seeks to reduce the amount of
air pollutants being generated by industrialized nations. It
is believed that by reducing heat-generating pollutants in
the Earth's atmosphere, Global Warming can also be brought
under better control, which will directly affect the health
of the Poles, glaciers, coastal areas, etc. Sadly, while the
Kyoto Protocol is slowly being embraced by a growing number
countries, including by Russia in recent days, under the
leadership of George W. Bush and the Republican Party, the
United States of America has staunchly fought against this
international agreement for several years now. Ironically,
it is a known fact that the U.S.A. is the source of at least
twenty-five per cent of the world's air pollution, even
though it only the home to a fraction of the Earth's total

But there is so much more to this amazing story of Noah's Ark
and the Genesis Flood, and it has happened in recent times.
Consider the fact that since the last century, various claims
have been made regarding the alleged discovery of the remains
of Noah's great wooden ship.

One claim involves the startling discovery that was made by a
NATO aircraft during the 1950's, while it was taking aerial
photographs of eastern Turkey, also known as Armenian Turkey,
in order to determine Soviet missile activity. To everyone's
surprise, what may possibly be the remains of an ancient boat
were found at an elevation of about 6,300 feet, in a mountain
valley which is located some twenty miles from the summit of
Mount Ararat. Locally, Mount Ararat is known as Agri Dagh.
The actual dig site is known as Durupinaral, and is located
approximately twenty miles from the Russian border. This
amazing development was eventually reported in the September
5, 1960 edition of the American magazine "Life". In fact, I
have in my possession a copy of a 1948 news article from the
Associated Press which discusses the site, as well as a small
image which was taken by the NATO aircraft during the 1950's.
I also possess two copies of photographs which were included
in the 1960 Life Magazine article, as well as an assortment
of other recent images that are associated with this same

According to the information I have read, it is said that the
amazing structure, the size and shape of which closely match
the description of Noah's Ark, as related in the pages of the
Bible, was found preserved in glacial ice, and could only be
seen from the air at certain times of the year. However, due
to warming temperatures since the 1950s, the "boat" has since
become completely exposed to the elements. It has also been
said that the existence of this alleged boat has been known
to the local population for at least hundreds of years, and
that in times past, they supposedly took beams from the Ark
to use as firewood, or to use as building materials.

It is believed that as a result of volcanic eruptions in the
ancient past, the structure was eventually carried by lava
flows down the slopes of the Ararat mountain range, to its
current location, where it became impaled on a limestone
outcropping. In 1978, an earthquake struck eastern Turkey.
One result of that temblor was that the earth which had
entombed the boat-like structure fell away, revealing what
appear to be the ribs of a great ship. But, the earthquake
also exposed the fragile remains to the elements. Naturally,
the result has been that a great deal of deterioration has
occurred to the structure.

Since the 1970's, in conjunction with the Turkish government,
a research team headed by now-deceased Biblical investigator,
Ron Wyatt, has been conducting a battery of scientific tests
on the controversial remains, and these tests have yielded
some very thought-provoking results. Rather than take a lot
of time and space here to delve into those results, allow me
to refer you instead to two web sites which are dedicated to
carrying on the work first begun by Ron Wyatt. Please note
that the first site is headed by Mary Nell Wyatt, who is the
widow of Ron Wyatt, while the second site is headed by one
Jim Fry, who at one time worked for Mr. Wyatt. Please also be
aware of the fact that unless the situation has changed in
recent years, there are some serious problems and rivalries
between said parties. I ask that you use a lot of spiritual
discerment as you explore both of these sites:

Wyatt Archeological Research :

Anchor Stone International :

Yet another claim places the remains of Noah's Ark at a site
which is located within the borders of Iran. If we consider
the fact that "Ararat" is actually the ancient Hebrew word
for Armenia, which is an ancient country located in what is
now the juncture of Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Iran,
this final claim also appears to have some merit.

According to several apocryphal works, the place where Noah's
Ark finally came to rest was known as Mount Lubar. I haven't
been able to find this name mentioned anywhere in the pages
of the Authorized King James Bible; however, it is found in a
text known as the "Genesis Apocryphon", which includes part
of Noah's personal diary, as we see here:

----- Begin Quote -----

and I began with - all my sons - to work the land and I
planted a large vineyard at Mt. Lubar

and by the fourth year it produced wine for me;

And when the first festival came, on the first day of the
first festival of the [seventh?] month . . . I opened

this vessel and I began to drink from it on the first day of
the fifth year.

On this day I called my sons and grandsons and all our wives
and their daughters and we gathered together and we went [to
the place of the altar?]

. . . and I blessed the Lord of Heaven, the Most High God, the
Great Holy One who delivered us from destruction

. . . they drank and . . .

I poured on . . . and the wine

----- End Quote -----

In the text of the Book of Jubilees, we find this very same
story mentioned, as well as the fact that the Ark came to
rest in a place called Mount Lubar, as we see here:

----- Begin Quote -----

"And the water prevailed on the face of the earth five
months -one hundred and fifty days. And the ark went and
rested on the top of Lubar, one of the mountains of Ararat.
And (on the new moon) in the fourth month the fountains of
the great deep were closed and the flood-gates of heaven
were restrained; and on the new moon of the seventh month
all the mouths of the abysses of the earth were opened, and
the water began to descend into the deep below. And on the
new moon of the tenth month the tops of the mountains were
seen, and on the new moon of the first month the earth
became visible. And the waters disappeared from above the
earth in the fifth week in the seventh year thereof, and on
the seventeenth day in the second month the earth was dry.
And on the twenty-seventh thereof he opened the ark, and
sent forth from it beasts, and cattle, and birds, and every
moving thing."
Book of Jubilees 5:27-32

"And in the seventh week in the first year thereof, in this
jubilee, Noah planted vines on the mountain on which the ark
had rested, named Lubar, one of the Ararat Mountains . . ."
Book of Jubilees 7:1a

----- End Quote -----

Another online version of this same story, also taken from
the Book of Jubilees, states as follows:

----- Begin Quote -----

Noah planted a vine at the mountain (whose name was Lubar,
one of the mountains of Ararat) on which the ark had come to

It produced fruit in the fourth year. He guarded its fruit
and picked it that year during the seventh month. He made
wine from it, put it in a container, and kept it until the
fifth year - until the first day at the beginning of the
first month.

He joyfully celebrated the day of this festival. He made a
burnt offering for the Lord - one young bull, one ram, seven
sheep each a year old, and one kid - to make atonement
through it for himself and for his sons. First he prepared
the kid. He put some of its blood on the meat (that was on)
the altar which he had made. He offered all the fat on the
altar where he made the burnt offering along with the bull,
the ram, and the sheep . . . Afterwards he sprinkled wine in
the fire that had been on the altar beforehand . . . and
offered a pleasant fragrance that was pleasing before the
Lord his God.

He was very happy,

and he and his sons happily drank some of this wine

----- End Quote -----

The Book of Jubilees also informs us that upon Noah's death,
he was buried on Mount Lubar in the land of Ararat, as we
see here:

----- Begin Quote -----

"And Noah wrote down all things in a book as we instructed
him concerning every kind of medicine. Thus the evil spirits
were precluded from (hurting) the sons of Noah. And he gave
all that he had written to Shem, his eldest son; for he
loved him exceedingly above all his sons. And Noah slept
with his fathers, and was buried on Mount Lubar in the land
of Ararat. Nine hundred and fifty years he completed in his
life, nineteen jubilees and two weeks and five years. And in
his life on earth he excelled the children of men save Enoch
because of the righteousness, wherein he was perfect. For
Enoch's office was ordained for a testimony to the
generations of the world, so that he should recount all the
deeds of generation unto generation, till the day of
Book of Jubilees 10:13b-18a

----- End Quote -----

Finally, the Book of Jubilees explains that following the
Flood, Noah's three sons -- Shem, Ham and Japheth -- built
three cities on Mount Lubar, which they named after their
wives. Following is a direct quote:

----- Begin Quote -----

"And he [Ham] built for himself a city and called its name
after the name of his wife Ne'elatama'uk. And Japheth saw
it, and became envious of his brother, and he too built for
himself a city, and he called its name after the name of his
wife 'Adataneses. And Shem dwelt with his father Noah, and
he built a city close to his father on the mountain, and he
too called its name after the name of his wife
Sedeqetelebab. And behold these three cities are near Mount
Lubar; Sedeqetelebab fronting the mountain on its east; and
Na'eltama'uk on the south; 'Adatan'eses towards the west..."
Book of Jubilees 7:14b-18a

----- End Quote -----

The online version of the Jewish Encyclopedia also states
that the name Lubar is mentioned in the ancient Jewish text
known as the "Sefer Noah". Following is a short excerpt from
said encyclopedia:

----- Begin Quote -----

The mountain on which the ark rested, and on which Noah
afterward settled, is called in the Book of Jubilees (v. 38)
and "Sefer Noaḥ" (l.c.) "Lubar," which Delitzsch supposes to
be the Elbruz.

According to Jubilees (x. 21), Noah was buried on Mount
Lubar, where he had settled after the Flood.

----- End Quote -----

You will notice that nineteenth century German theologian
Franz Delitzsch suggests that ancient Lubar may possibly be a
reference to Elbruz; but where is Elbruz? Wikipedia offers
two possible locations. The first is a mountain range located
in northern Iran near the border with Armenia, Afghanistan,
and Pakistan. This closeness to Armenia seems to add weight
to northern Iran being the possible location for the remains
of the Ark. Another Wikipedia page discusses Mount Elbrus,
which is a volcano located in the western Caucasus mountain
range, in Russia, near the border of Georgia, in the northern
Iranian plateau. Again we see that the same general area is
called to our attention. In short, all three of these claims
concerning the discovery of Noah's Ark center around the
ancient nation of Ararat, today known as Armenia.

Having now provided you with an assortment of evidence, that
is to say, Scriptural, historical and geological evidence, I
trust that you, the reader, will be able to form an informed
opinion concerning the Genesis Flood, the account of Noah's
Ark, as well as the possible location of the remains of said
structure. Whether you agree or disagree with my summation of
the events is entirely up to you. My primary goal in writing
this article is to present what I view as both a plausible
and probable explanation of the events of the Genesis Flood,
based upon a direct reading of the Scriptures, with the hope
that it will inspire others to come to accept the veracity of
God's Word.

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